AL - AZHAR Mosque was laid foundation on 14 Th of Ramadan 359 H, (971 A.D). it was built in two years nearly, the first prayer was dine on 7 Th of Ramadan 361. H, on 988 A.D it became a university in which taught different sciences, and religious & mental arts> it was named by AL - AZHAR attribution to Fatimah AZAHRAA prophet Muhammads daughter" (on whom be peace and blessings of Allah) whom Fatimids were attributed. More than one thousand years have elapsed since the foundation of AL - AZHAR which has remained by Allahs will the impregnable stronghold and mainspring for the sciences of Muslim Jurisprudence and Arabic Language, ever end favoring to propagate them in the various Islamic countries for the maintenance of Islam and the advantage of Muslims. Its role:- AL - AZHAR has successfully stemmed through the preservation of the cultural heritage of Islam, the devoted preoccupation with its study, elucidation and propagation. AL - AZHAR enable to spread here and there the rays of guidance, emanating from the rowans pastilles of AL - AZHAR have been the warring the course atheism, the procession of deviation, the doctrine of subversion, the missionary campaigns, and the rising tide of anarchy and decadence.
The Supreme Council of Al-Azhar
Al-Azhar has a Supreme Council headed by the Grand Imam, Shiekh Al-Azhar, and consist of: Deputy of Al- Azhar, Directors and Deans of Al-Azhar Faculties; four members of the Academy of Islamic Researches; one of the under Secretary of State for the Ministries of Wakfs, Education, Justice and Treasury; Director of Culture and Muslim Foreign Missions; Director of Al-Azhar Institutes, and. three experts in University education and related general affairs.
The Council is entrusted with the formulation of the general policy and the planning of all that which enables Al-Azhar to achieve its main objectives through the propagation of Islamic culture and Arabic language, and to suggest the subjects and syllabus to be taught in its various institutes and university under its supervision and guidance.
The Council has the right to suggest the establishment of Al-Azhar Faculties,Institutions and Educational departments and to examine the scheme budget of Al-Azhar all departments .
The organizing structure of the Council consist of :
1 - A Secretary General presides the technical, financial and administrative system and carries out its decision and follows up its activities.
2 - Assistant Secretary General for financial affairs Whose task is to look after all financial matters related to. Al-Azhar budget and formulate rules and regulations and all financial measures. He is assisted by three specialized departments.
3 - Assistant Secretary General for services affairs, who is concerned with the supervision of all administrative affairs of Al-Azhar three Departments. (The Supreme Council of Al-Azhar, the Academy of Islamic Research and Al-Azhar University and Institutions directorate). He is assisted by three specialized departments.
4- A Director for the technical researches to auguries the Supreme Council's technical Secretariat. He who follows up the activity of the Supreme Council of Al-Azhar, will certainly observe the tremendous development through looking closely at the following budget of Al-Azhar and its departments from the year 1980 to 1985:
The organizations under the Supreme Council of Al-Azhar :
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