MDAp < Ap ϵ < p Ap 

Gv Cp

,xKv lkF kp CpF Ap Ϸ ,FDe ,()pC vo qC xJ  
Cp F PF A qC lF ,DFDN DFDN ,DA lOD Co D C ,DFDN 
,w D pW 190 DN DWJ DDv F C ,lvo Gv 
,kD Co Ap Ϸ lkp MoD PvDo Co Ap PCp ϷN 
:qC lNoDG DA .lkF pGCo 
.pDFC -7 Dw -6 rd -5 ٤D -4 pص FC -3 pSFC -2 D -1 

:D -1

qC ԤC D .lzDF [o FC] F ,l FC F D ClGFC  
ok (169 D 176 Dv F) DWD ok Pwq l ok kF D迤C 
[v C ] FC kr Co Ap lCkp oAkD ,Pzn 
yo qC lNoDG DCo .PvC k PCp () Clh vo pw 
.D

pS FC -2

DF Co C CpC Cpw kF DCpC qC ( pS F ClG)  
pS FC .PzCk w Gd fO CpF kF kDOvp F DO 
Co D F xC pFq ClG FDe V qC .kF ... F f쥾 kp 
.G rF qC lNoDG DCo .kp ok

kWC FC F ٤D -3

FC pF Co Ap PvC z DO Cp qC ٤D ,PvC kp qC  
C pC CoD qC z v HGd F C lG dpC lG 
() CpC PCp Co vC DF ٤D .kp PCp ... kF () ϵ 
Cpq ,lzDF ٤D PCp MACp pNf쥾 lCO PV F .PvC  
cpz ok DWC MDo EDO ok oDwCh .PvC koA C PCp  
C Co ,Cp pNoDrpJ pNDvoDJ :lw ٤D CdC 
PCp ,z ClءCk GD .ko oDz F PCp ok CoA pNPvok 
pFFC d :qC lNoDG DCo .lCOwCk MACp pNf쥾 Co ٤D 
.yD

MDq HGd F rd -4

lk Co DA qC hpF lDz :kp ok Co FDe Dq PvC CpC ԤC  
lCh () kD DC pF Co Ap PvC z ٤D lD r rd .lzDF 
ok .kp p () kD DC EDeC qC Co rd r v߬ jz .PvC 
qC ݺo koA DF lw (MDq) F rd lz H V 
Pq kp yD oCpC F Cd qC kp pJ koA Cd F 
.PvC yp ݺo MDq ݺo ܷ F r

Dw weCFC -5

D [u߬] ok kh ok l PvC kF CpC qpv kp qC  
CN o߬ F ,kp nhC rd qC oDF oDZ Co PCp .kp MD [o] 
DCo .PvC Ew Dw F kDq oDRA DFDO .k kDOC C PCp F 
.QoDeCFC ok d :qC lNoDG

pF Ե F pص FC -6

lNDvC MpS De qC Gv Cp D ok PvC kF CpC qC l  
lD Oi ĬD ok Co Ap ,lvo C DJ F w ,PCp gz 
,ol wd lv .kp PCp kDq CkDOvC pF pF l  
.lCk z Co pص FC 
kF yz C CpC ) vv ok :qC lNoDG PCp DCo 
(.PvC

ák pD F -7

DV) ġk lWw DC ,A qC lF G rrClG F pص Dq ok  
oDz F Gv Cp pNpط qC kF oDk A CߡJ D (C 
k ok p pW 118 Dv F fe pF DF pD FC .ko 
.Po Dk qC Dv 
.Cm FC D :qC lNoDG pD FC PCp DCo