.PvC()vC pGDJ pF qD Ap D pDd p Ap C DF okC Х

MG F Q߷G()le D F Ep kCtqC pGػJ G p 14 ok DGpN PvC Dܷ C joDN MDop qC  
lD"Ap"D F Co A koA FDO r lkoA DC F Ep p Ep qC OC PvC kp MG ߵk lz 
F Co kp NDd ߬ ok PvC Ppz qC ND oD ةO Ap C PvC kCk OGw DeGv Clh F  
.PvCkp Mߵk Ppz A

pd b r ,lCh kh MG rW Co A kp leNAp DF EDV A PvC joDN MDw qC r@  
kp PCpykh pD kp pOF CpF koA C PvC Ap D p C ok kVAp @C ok P@w@@ 
Pw Z C w o߮F PvC C o߲F Pw DkC oCpN PvC D C O C qC D kߥ@ .P@vC 
lzDF Oo D qC F EDO A

151 : e

kp D ok lz kCkPGw EDWA F N pk DizC Pvk F A p D A p@@ p@@k ED@O@  
.PvC lzqD le F PvC Ap A ,C lzDF lz p

ľC Od.lzDF lk HvA w p ,koCl lkpN A ok ldC PvC oC O @ D@@@C @@  
.PvC kCl h DOdC DA b ok r A l peN Dw ok Di

A qC D kDq A ok CA D pOi MV PvC C lCkCk DOdC þC Di qC F rZ D@N  
FvC D F ,C EDO ФC DC lzDF kCk go A ECpC D MD okpN D DV F DV D l@z @ 
.PvC OpF qC F ,PvC lD DF kF()Clh vo Dq ok

koA qC Co pF ܷ kp leN PvDAlVC NDA Ch DC DF p Ap F pk @v qC  
qC CA C lF koCk Co DC A F Co A MDA DN D PvCOwCk rVD DC A pF O FD@O@ 
.lzDF kCk Pvk qC Co DCA ,A

lF ٲ A PvD Pvk ok Ap MDA DN F k leN PF PdD@@ @F p@C @S@  
MDFkC lNDvC qC joDN pS pz b ,Pw A lD Ep DF De qC b oDO@@ koCk Co H@@W@ 
C EvC ٲ C koCl Co FvC ٲ DZ DA qC CoDe D Dvo D Gh b k@ @G@Ep@ 
.l S kA DV wV kCk DN ok FCo PvC k Ap MDA DN ok MCqDOC

OzCl O@hC @F (1)  
A p kz lk CA ok h D DFC b ,Pw rD p Ap ok Pߥh C k@ l@e@N Ap@ 
p ,lAۢJ ,lzDF OhC DN p lF ok OhC DN b ,kqDv p pFCo A p@@k C@A 
.kqDv k Co A NDA A

............................................  
A ,Dw ovlOD oDwF OhC A ok w o߮F kF Clh p dD qC pC l pFl@N Ap@ ok D@A(1) 
.82 

152 : e

ص ,k leN PvC A pOG õ D MDrV p Cpz MD d oD DF F qD@F  
" :PvC kp V A qC kp Mߵk A lD koA FCo MDFkC P C DN @ Co @D@ Cl@@@@Ck 
C" :k@p@ r@@ (1) "Cp G 詷FD SF ND ApC Cn SF CND C ϵ WC xC POVC 
. (2) "rDF D Х

kCk lzDG lkpN b DV Coep d DF D p Ap F@ D@ P@vC Ap@ l@e@N @C  
p Cpz MD ok Z d oD ߤC ok Z ,lFDPvk ClF pF õ lzDF p phA Co Cp 
zr DND h D ECFC C qC b ok C lF ,l DOvC hCD MDrV ok Z  
lGD ok co lClq MDd F DF koCk Ov DF Co A oD DN F lzDF O@zCk 
AF lkp O ClF PvC ϤC PvC Ap oD DN Cl@G@l@dC co A koCk D@p@V D@@A 
A pC oA ok ФC A qC pv ,eN Co A oD pC PvC ldN ФC A ,l P@@qD@F 
.oh pFoD A F D HpN Co ФC

p Ap ,kF Ozn DPC DOvCk pO()NDh pGDJ pF lz qD Ap lzPFDR DCp@F p@C r@@  
k MoD OwDz PvC pNHvD DF pN koCkNDDF oDF @C ok @ @@@@F@ Co k@h 
Dܷ C l p ClhPDC lF ok Dh kCpC Co DGC o߮F ,lzDF()DG@C P@dD@vP@Cr@ 
lA WC MCoN ok pGػJ D DOvCk DF Co DGC qC pAp DOvCk kz uwe D Cp@F @O@ 
.koCk MDN l HO DF olZ D Ap kz DpOvk V pOF F PA D wD

A MDA qC oDwF F r khp Ap ok ,kF oDwF G oDGhC p Ap ok Ck@ p@C r@@  
DV lA QkCd qC fN D fp o߮F

............................................  
PJ F PJ lZ pkoA lCi loDF Ap C S F FDO DN lz V xC V pC A p @F(1) 
.88 A ,pvC ov.lk 
14 13 A ,oD ov.kF hz ,PvC SeF p F lk DDJ Ap OvolF(2) 

153 : e

.lk pGh

ܷ - C O v F ,Ow Cpv F kD ,o G qC DGq DJ DC F Co kh F r@  
,Pw DC C qC b lD FD r Co kh p Ap .kOv - DV oC oCkC ok A D pNDCN 
.PvC kp oCnp Ok b qC Pk PCl pC ok

lq Clh v F DCo okC PvClh oAkDP lz D kh CpF DC @p@N@D@V qC  
DC ,l kDWC ܤ ok Co C Pv ,kpF vC Clh DϵMD wd DvC qC D@V @@ ,P@vC 
ܷPh pC DWCpv C O ,l Co Clh DdC Cpz ,lD pm Co Clh vo HO@ @@@ 
.l DF Co PF NA MDz MkDv MDrV Clh v F PpF kD

.PvC lD ClFCo kh ,Ϯ F p Ap PwD ,PvClh kD pm DC

VCo NDA ok PV F ,Pw"pm"vC S F Ap z oDRA pF Pk ok vC b Ap DvC qC @Z  
le nC C" :lDp V A qC ,k kD pm D F Co A lPGe pe@N Cq qC Ap@ @@d @F 
nC C pF ϷN DFC Oz D CصC C DA ND C ph oDC ؾ C Dϵ ߿i DNDA@ 
@@@@@@@ (1) "ld d rN h l F ЬDGC ND rr EDO C DV D pnDF Cp 
ЬDF ,lA Dq ok r qo ,l GϺ A pF ЬDF PvC pm PV C qC p Ap :l@D@p@@ 
.kpGF F qC Co Opm PDh peN pN jw l ho Aok

r ,k ԬC p Ap pF Ϯ o߬ F Co pm TeF ko MDA ok r

............................................  
kz OhClC NA F w DA ,Pw i D pF DzpC lCp ЬDF wF CpC D MD@A qC @@D@A(1) 
.PvC DF l aA F C lF lChaA Dd kz p koC C PD qo w DPvC p@O@@F 
Ap (lk lCh Co kh CrV lF lCh Z p)llz pDDzlA A qC lF(Ap)pm F Dw 
CqpClh qC lz qD ,koCl Co A ok lA ok r p ok ЬDF ,lD F DCpPvC FDO p@ 
.42 - 40 A ,Pϥ ov.PvC kOv 

154 : e

k A qC @ (1) "߲De DC pnC Dr e DC" :kp OwCk DN Clh d F ߿e Co A Ϯ o߬ F  
qC Co A kF pm GNpN D pN D kDq pqC p Ap O kz kDOvC Dܷ C @C 
.kF lCi߿e kpGF F

lCkppF()Clh vo F Co""pب PvC C lCkq TeF ko A pwN ok CDJ F D@@p@d qC @@ 
p Cpq ,koCl yqDv A Dv DF Dܷ C @. (2) "PvC EDV A dCo C D"C qC o߲ :lCO 
O C F G Da ,lzqD C pF EDV A DkC F kF Ap pDiF lkp Cr@@O@vC Co ED@@V A 
."W C pnC ϵr nC DC D CD " :kF kp kp oDzC

F Co A kp qD()CppGػJ pF DN Clh Ap : lA Pvk F Dܷ C Pzn a@A qC x@J  
kDqyiOvk PzCn lCi Clh kF lCh C d F ߿e ,lz qD e D F k N pm 
.kz pN

DC F Co A kDq MDA ok kp qD ypGػJ pF DN Clh Ap @ l@z @C @ D@ @@k @@h  
A kkp D kDq pk oDZk DC A qC ok lzDG ߿e lCiF pC ,k @N @@@i@ 
pOF pOD F Co DC A DN D p ok kV Ap F D A Dd lD lCiDF p@k @ 
Ap ,PvC O kpF F qC Co DCA qC peN yiOvk DW qC.PvCoCk @ qp@ 
.PvC lz qD()Clh vo F PvC D PvC D Pvk C

lz pk oDZk MDA HNpN D MDpFq pq ECpC p qC D lz Dv A qC rZ kz p p@C x@J  
,PCl ,OhC o ,qDWC G qC A DC ok pRC pO PvC eF yCpk kp G lDF ,l@zD@F 
ok pN pC xJ.koCl... DvA HO pDv pF PoD ,Ppm ,Po

............................................  
.9 A ,pWd ov.kp Ch d Co C D De kp qD N pF Co(Ap)pm D(1) 
.Cp qC F ,16 ,14 U ,DC co pwN(2) 

155 : e

A DSC pFq pq ECpC D ok OhC D op A v G qC lzDF lz Cl@J @p@ Ap@  
.PvC

:k Х
loCk Pk Ap ok pN peN l pF NDCo

D ok" :kp lz @ (2) v (1) z pqC()Clh vo qC oDwF oDGhC Pzn aA pF Ե  
.PvC Ap l peN pF k"l VCp Ap FMǡ d CpF DO qpF

" :kp()Clh vo lz pNCN l@d @F (4) v  
ok Ovok F - ClFC lF CϩN DF OwN C D OF C NpO C EDO S@C @@@ oD@N @C 
Cp rp lV wNk A F CkD ,OFC ,NpO Clh EDO :oCn DF olCp rZ k D@@zD@@ 
koiOvk FDO F Co kp EDV A PzCl Dܷ kzpeN yiOvk p Ap kF DF pC Z ,"lz lC@i@ 
."lz Cp lV wN k A F P p lFC DN"lDpF lDN MlzC DF lk DVoC lz peN

F Co DSkDdC oDGhC lCkCk oOvk ,lvo()PF C C Clh vo p qC oD@w@F (5) oDGhC a  
qC kߥ"lCO F C .kG oDGhC C CpF Dܷ kF lz peN C EDOpC Cpq ,l p Ap@ 
peN DdC MDA G PvC kz DdC MDA F p lDF PvC þ oDGhC ok DN o@O@vk @C 
PvC Ϯ on oOvk Cpq ,Pw fe"lzDF l peN ApФC P@w@@ @C p@F @@k D@C ,l@@ 
i lF iNþ oDGhC F kCk DOhC ,l p Ap F Co þ oDGhC DN koCl@w@@p@q 
.PvC

ok PvC fp F kr Pvk D fp Ap F p oDGhC DFq C pF Ե

............................................  
.478 ,wW Ե eC (1) 
.151 ,2 U ,DNC(2) 
.90 ,oDGhC D(3) 
.189 - 185 ,1 U ,DطC r 14 ,3 U ,Gd F ldC lw(4) 
.380 D EDO ,3 U ,Dv(5) 

156 : e

wvk MDCo ok pC PvCϷ ,PvC ЬDF qC d ok qC PvCo iN o߲ F oFr p oOvk @C  
Ck OzCk oDGhC ok wvk F Ck zk pC F kG DdC þ F Fp oDGhC ok DN lzDF lz kpGOvk  
pOF pNkD ClG DC a ,Ozn C DGC kDOC oD ߤCF Fp@ oD@G@hC ok 
.PvC kF

PvC kDOC Dw ok DGD A pDa lCkp D MDCo ok hCk k CpvC MDCo F Cn  

EDF p ok Co Ap p MDA()PF CDDC kh DA ok PvC NDCo ,MDCo p qC peN l p@k @@k  
kDdA oDGhC ,MDCo A ok Od ,lCkp PCp P@vD@ p@@ ok k@V@Ap@ @C ok @a@A @@ @C@ 
PvC lDz pOF C lCkp MN PvD p Ap ok o߮A Co A l p lz peN Co AplCh 
. (1) PvC DN ݮF FD ok rN Hwd pF pwN PvClz qD oV Ծ A koCk DA qC oDwF ok kCp C pF 

D kp Pvk ok kV Ap lz koC()ߥC pDv C pC qC PvC NDCo ,pk @@k  
ok ,PvC k Nkh h F Co A()ϵ PvC Ap A p Z pC ,lz qD Clh dDqC PvC @Ap@ 
qC .lkCl PoD Co Mpd A lOhCkpJ ApPFDO N F DS Dq ok a p@F @FC D@q 
."lCiF lCh kp o߮D Co Ap - uDC p D CpC"lCkpkh Dz F C PvC EDF

PvC kp Pvk ok kV Ap Di()ϵAp lA pk MDCo A ok pC PvC C MDCo C DO@  
koh F NDA D ov A ,koCk MDN MDA D Dov @@F H@@Np@Np@@ qC @ P@vC @C @D@@@ 
F Co Ap lClh O Co DC A ,koCl A Dܷ OhC ok pRC pOƢGNpN

............................................  
C DF qC PwNoDG ݮF DN ,lz qD FvC Z Z F A Ծ C DF qC PwNoDG@ @r@@N(1) 
PCo"G H C Cϱ nC Ϸv "AoDF ok pC S.koCl A F oD ,PwZ A Ծ qC k@@@ 
C PvC Dܷ C A kߥ PvC C Dܷ"G HC d le A Cϱ nC Ϸv" l@A 
.lCOhClC Co V lCkpF Pvk A ok kFlz qD C F A 

157 : e

.kpF F qC k N DC C

ok qpC Ap C pF koCk Pk - PvC Oi pl DF DA D lZ p - oDGhC C W x@J  
rZ C lF ,PvC lz qD()DGC NDh pF DN ClhdD qC PvC @Ap@ D@@ P@vC kp@ P@vk 
.lzDF Oo F qC NDpF oDRA yCp DCqC

:v Х
PvC lz kDOvC DClF Ap ok pN kDq l MDGRC CpF V kC

F ,lz peN p Ap PvC C pFlõ Co Pv C Rle qC ODV ߡd z Rle@ qC Cl@  
kDq Dܷ F peN DC .koh F A MDA HNpN ,OD pN A DCCoDJ kDOC A qC rZ @ D@@@ @C 
.PvC l D ClF vC Dϵ qC ldC PwCp A ok rZlz

UDWOdC kDq V F A ok pN ަ pF PC DVC v F Ap ok MkDq l pF on Rle@  
.lCkp

D ,MDA F D ,Dov qC F vpF loCk Pk D lzPCo v z p qC oDwF oDG@hC ok - 1  
,pF FC Dq ok A oA V ok ClOFC D ok A pd D MD D MV qC Ow D ,MV F 
MDA lz DWFDV pN pF loCkPk r .kDOC DNC DS Dq ok ,A k oDF oA V ok @a@@  
.MV

DC qC F lCkoA kh pGO HOpDv Tld CV ok Co DA z Rle PvC oD@w@F MD@Co @C  
oDiF fe lD ,kh cDe ok Pv C Rle a .lCOwCkTld oCr@ k p@F @D@F Co D@@A kl@ 
ok (1) vA .lCkp Ap pwN HO Tld CV pDv ,ldC ,Dw ,kCk FC v ,wfe 
.PvC OwCk oDz ld qC F Co DA kl kh pwN

kh C ,PvC p eDF k߷w F C lG e D PvC OhC koC p lz O aA @O@G@C  
pF DF r A ,PvC DS e DF H F FC e OhCkoC qC p r .PvC ko lZ Pz pF D@F 
lZ v

............................................  
.25 ,1 U ,DC co(1) 

158 : e

kDOvp qo A vC kF oDCF Oz C kh DS De kh D OhC a .P@vC ko@  
Z ,PvC ko XJ Z Cpk F ,ko lZ DWJ pFDF - k߷wC lv ok - uD FC F P@vC 
.PvC OzCl lok Co kDOvp peF , ,pF , ,Dz F Oz e PD XJ DS

(pF FC Dq)C ok De DSDe D HNpN p qC PvC OhC p lz aA r@  
Dd ,PzCk oCp Dov rV PCpF ov DS Dov rV C oDFV ok DC ov Cp@q ,koCk k@V 
.kon lChp qC kq F OCo ,Op oCp C߬ Dov rV ov k p k V okA

ok Dov HNpN ,MDCo Hwd pF Z ,koCk kV Dov HNpN ok PvC OhC p lz O DN a@A qD@F  
.PvC DS e ok PvC GNpN p HF FC e k߷w F C lG e

FDN FDe qC PvC pp DOCp Cpq ,koCk kV DPCp D ok PvC OhC p @@a@@  
.kz DF A qC F D oCr F EDwd Co DA pC koCk OhC p PCp DF lzPCo

kz oA V ߥ p Pvk FAp lCk lF õ DF C F ,PvC õ oDGOC D@C k @@k - 2  
.lA ok oD qC C ľC D lzDF OzCl kV A ok Ϻ DGOzC b

lA pF ,kp poD kp qC()Clhvo Pdo qC lF()@@ :@ (1) Dh D qC PvC OCo - 3  
PvCAp D C kp ԵC ,kCk CoC kp F Co A DA k oA V Co ApA D@N qD@@ Cp@F p@@ 
Ap F ,lOpnK Co C Ap lkpko Co C kp.kp oA V Co A kp qD ypGػJ pF lCl@h 
.lkp DOC kF kp V PFDR F lq

C l ԵC koA Co Ap EDV A PzCl Dܷ ԤC PzCl ܷ pd C lkF Ap k C pC  
DN Clh PvC Ap D

............................................  
.481 ,2 U ,lC D 218 ,5 U ,Gd F ldC lw(1) 

159 : e

Cn ,kF C EDO F DDw pNDCk()Clhvo qC lF()ϵ Ck C DF ,k qD pC pG@@@J p@F  
ϵ DF d PvC d DF ϵ" :kp EDVA d ok Ե kCk DVoC C F Co kp R Tld ok()Clh@vo 
."PvC

go зDF зC FD kz Clz C CpvC F ok aA r PC C ok :l@ @ P@vC @ND@Co - 4  
,koCk fpN ClF D MDCo Ap kF DFDO peN kDOC DNCCpvC F ok Dr@Z qC @@ l@k@ 
ok Pvok MDCo A p)kz peN lDF p Ap ܷPC C EDO lOF DNC PC Cok lDF prD@ 
.(lA

F HV Co Ozn CC DPv kq F :kp()Clh vo kp PCo olh lv FC qC oDiF fe ok  
.lo Dz ,lzDF Oo oDvv gCov F DA pC Od ,kp lCh pJ ComF Com ,HV

.? (1) Co w Z xJ :kp? pJ Co kh oD k CokD olJ()C vo D O

- lz OCo G - olh lvFC lD FDe qC Cl qC Tld CV ok PvC Ow P@Co @C  
F kClz ,D F pص ,ߵ F pص ,lv F v ,k߷w F C lG ,nd ,uDG FC ,pص C lG ,pp FC 
.lCkp ܷC Hp NCoDG ok ,kClz F koOw uC

Da.lzPCo()Clh vo qC()PF C DDC Cl qC z p qC Ow o߮F PCo @C r@@  
F зDF зC FD r Dz lOo DJ Co :kp koA EDV A qC k@hp@@w@@N ok @@ 
gCov F DA pC DWA DN ,l@@@@ @i@N@ (2) "DF" Com HV Co DA Co Od Po lCh 
?PvCoD k ,DOzn qC Dz kߥ()C vo D llvpJ.PolCh Dz lzDF Oo oD@@v@v 
pk qC xJ Co vC DrA Pvk p krF?Pw xJ :kp

............................................  
.126 ,9 U ,oDiF fe(1) 
.l"DF" ,lzDF lz l p k qC O ok Co qDF Pvk k D ϤD(2) 

160 : e

rZ C kp lCh oDJA ok lz kDq F Ap peN l MDGRC CpF DVC F lOvC D@F  
. (1) PvCqD DA phA PDC lk Pvk qC Co A

CpF ,hl PvC OWd ,PC DVC PvC C ,kDq F peN l pF PC DVC F DC lOvC qC EC@V D@C  
.PvC ok rOw kF PWd C

pzPWd Cܵ F Co DVC Dw A F ,Pw õ PWd kh kh F DVC :@C f@@@N  
ok ( )kF lCh ܱ kDOC þ lzDF DwC CpF oA kDOC Noߤ ok C F lD lCk pGO@@ 
.lzDF Dw Хe DVCDw C

aA C CpF ,lCkp DGOzC ,PvC oA Хe DVC lCO OzCn p k A D @@F @@@C  
qC F C ok CC kDdA ,Pw kz ФDd CC qC DkDOC W qC F l kDC D@VC 
C l PNCo ݱ koCl pRC C qC F pl F CC DةC lpl S l@@kD@C @ 
.lzDF kF ܲ lZ qC Hp kDOC C ,ݱ DF pD wF PvC ߥi kDOC , Cpq ,koDF

,oA PvlF ľC v k k GON Co CC D kh PvC @@e@ D@@VC ok @C qD@N  
ܲ koCl pRC C qC F GON C O o߮D .PwDi Dw ok kz DϷ DN a 
l D CpFTeF ϵ C qC Cpk DVC DC .l kDC l@ @kr@۸@ @F Co @kA 
qC F PvC ldC pGh PCo r F Cpq ,PvCpNzo oDGOC F "PvC DVC HϮ Ծ"l@@@F 
.koCl pRC ݱ kDC

PvC pGh S Pv C kr yoDGOCk pz ܱ PvC OWd DVC lz C ФDd x@J  
D PvC C F z kr "l DVC DNC PԨ Dh pF PC" :kp()Clh vo l@ 
.kz ߥ qC CF W qC D lzDF W CC D ok()ߥ

pGػJ)ߥ pF ,ϥe Z Z DVC PWd xJ

............................................  
.413 ,2 U , pwN(1) 

161 : e

Pe ,MG pF r A ,PvC(DC Pk lv p qC Ap ok peN pF Ck MDCo oߥ @  
qC Ap MD O peN A.PvC peN qC Oߥ Ap Pvp@F @@O@ p@@ @C ok @ M@G@ 
NDh MG CpF lDV lqrW p Ap qC p Z ,kpGF F qC Co qDWC Dߥi Х PClG@ 
D kDq F peN DOdC F kz kpz p C ok EDV A rW PvC Ap DN ,Pw@()D@@G@C 
Dh PvC Apok aA Ck Z ,lD DF rW C F R pk pk p D @@@@ 
kF C.lOC PWd qC DVC ,PWd v DF ,lOC PWd qC Ap ,peN Moߤ ok xJ.@ D@P@vCl@h 
.PvC ok rOw kF PWd hl PvC OWdDVC O aA Dܷ

PvC joDN MDop qC DDw D Dok vC pGػJ pF qD Ap kV lO TeF C ok Dz :P lCh 
.Pw GC NDh MG Ap PWd MDGRC pF ״DVC PWd pk CpOC Z DF

kDq DOdC pk kz TDF ,PvCC Ap pF O PvD Pvk ok aA C p : ECV ok  
A qC xJ DGC NDh MG :lD GϮ MDGRC ok Cov D V D A p ok qDF ,l Co pN D@@  
.kkp DvPWd qC F Ap k Co peN DOdC zDF A F UDOe A DSC ޴DVC

,PvC oDGhC A kh kG PWd rOwAp peN MDGRC CpF oDGhC F wN :C C C @k qC j@vD@J D@C  
F lvo Z DN lD DF DGC NDh MG pF k Ap lz peN DFCpq) ,kp DF DVC ok ok p@ 
.(DC oDGhC PWd DDCPDC

joDN ok lWF wN A F joDN okDqC Cܵ F lCN DN l lOvC on oDGhC F w x@J  
A qC b ok õ ,koCl kV kz ϵ l Cp DFCp ol D pNCO ol b  
,Pk ok pD D PvClv ok 취 D PvC kDdA oDGhC Pw Z p Z ,Pw G F oGWokD@ 
.l kDC ݱ qC F qDN PvC pdC PpG ZFDD ok Pk zo lvPe p F D

ok wvk зV qC ,PvC zo Ok fe ylv C Cpq

162 : e

kh C oDGhC qC lz wvkCpD olA lz wvk D oDGhC D ok kPvlF oDGhC Z ,Pw DC  
on oDGhC onF DC qC.Pw kDOC FD lzDG wvk зV qC C pGh ,Pw rN FD D 
pDiF C qC Ozn ,Pw Ap ٲ F Gz V b F kDOC Ap qC lk D Co Dov D@@A 
.PvC kkp Ap DF ODi

l VCp pC Cpq ,PvD oDO lDA Dlv F VCp ,PvC 취 oDGhC A pOF lv O C D@C  
olA PvC Dv A ,lܿ취 lv DVo D ,llv lpF ߮ D ,loCl lv ԤC lvp D lk lCh 
.Pw kDOC FD PvCrZD

lCkoA ,lCkoA Co Ap A pC DA qC oDwF PvC C k ,lpD Pk ok DA qC CoDJ O @C  
"A mok()C weC @FC qC (1) D o ok OCo lD ,l qD o߮CA lF C ,l pwN  
wC (ECnC Gv DáC ϵ PGv lþ)ܵ pD F D C Ϸ nC C 
.PvC lz koA pwN CܵF rOCpJ F V PvC"DF

Dص)CߨpN (pC)CN C" :kp"CߨpN C CNC "A pw@N ok()kD@ D@C qC (2) D ok OCo lD  
.A rV ,PvC fN pwN Cܵ F rOCpJ F MV "CpGh@@@N D@@F D@ @@C D@(@F @@Np@C 
.lCkpz peN MDCo rV DDA pk pwN MDCoa

Ap peN kC rV Co DA DDA ,lDF Co MDA r HGv oDzF MDCo PvC EDF @C @F @e@@  
A Dd "(ϵ )C rC D F vpC DC D" :PvC o߮C A @C :l@D@p@@ (3) NDCo lD ,lCkpz 
.PvC lz qD EDV A d ok A lDpFlCh F ,kF Ap rV"ϵ " lF lCh PCo

............................................  
.3 c ,387 ,1 U ,DpF pwN(1) 
.D ߤC qC F 619 c 561 ,1 U ,SC o(2) 
.301 c ,301 ,1 U ,SC o(3) 

163 : e

r ok PJ ,llvo()Clh vo Plh O @N @@F D@kD@O@vp@ :koCk @ (1) NDCo a  
:kp Z C lz qD ko C ok Co CA DA.DF pF D P pvF lkq Cl lkDOwC 
kF A rV N F lOzClJDDA DA"÷ pSC(N F)MCpWeC Co kD n@C C" 
.PvC lz Dv

lD ,PvC lz koC(kD pF A MDGN)Ap pV ok pk oDz F MDCo PvC EDF C F e qD@F  
DF o߲ F"d le A"V lA"(d le A)CϱnC Ϸ@@v "@A @m ok @ (2) OCo 
ϵ P )vo C "A @@h ok @ (3) OCo .A O Cܵ F ,lz koA ϱ kDqC 
.PvC kDq oDwFMDCo C "D첵 Cq߾ qD lþ(lF C

D ok kp DN ,lD DC A F DkD pm l pwN Co CA O NDCo PwFDF C F e qD@F  
lO F rrC lG qC kh lv @F (4) D ok Da ,lCiF Co Dk pmA ,k PDo Co EkC A A lCh 
:kp lvpJ ldN ov oDF ok()Do Mpd qC P kpPCo 
kp p :PvC kp DC DA.PvCOhDz Co ldN lzDF OzCk DC A F Co ldC C lCiF x@ p@" 
l l lإC C ,ldC C " :lCh Co A kp o߮D :kp?Co A CiF o߮Z 
."Fo C n Fo C nldC C߿

peN kC qC Co DA DDA lz koCCA DC EDF ok kpz Co NDCo lDF DDA lC pD @kC r@V r@@  
" :PvC o߮C A koCk"mC OC olGF C p l "A F FpMDCo CoD@J ok @ (5) OCo lD ,lCkpz 
"D OC olGFC p l

............................................  
.1 c ,204 ,4 U ,DpF pwN(1) 
.4 c ,194 ,3 U ,DpF pwN(2) 
.1 c ,340 ,3 U ,DpF pwN(3) 
.5 c ,523 ,4 U ,DpF pwN(4) 
.1 c ,310 ,1 U ,DpF pwN(5) 

164 : e

." OC olGF C p l "lA pk (1) F ok

D@@@A qC (2) F ok C MkDz F ,PvC Dܷ F A pwN ,o߲ ,C pF lzDF p kh DwF Z MDOhC C  
.k N Pm F lD m PvC()Clh vo DCqC Co olF EDeC Pw cԤ : lA

kh D ok MDCo C qC DwF Z.m oCh PvC CND PV pz A ok"mC" qC o߲@@ x@J  
qC koC MDCo lD ,lCDv oDGOC Vok qC(oDN D ok MDCo DwN) d F PvC DN oDN DA 
ok kF Z on A CDF ok DA kDOC kF oDwv d CpF Ap ok CA C ok D Dhp 
DOd lDF lkp Dq qpJ kppJ O - C D DDOGC DVoD iC jC q CmC" :lA @@@Z 
CmC i@@C j@@@C" :l@A @@@Z p@@k (3) F ok ."lCkp Co kh CpNz GC Cpq lz oDwv 
kh CpNz DA Zlz oDwv DOd lDF l Dq pC qpJ kppJ - C D DD OGC DVoDDq 
."d ϵ C C D" :lA A phA ok p@k (5) Fok ."nC D DF " :lA (4) F ok ."lCkp Co 
."d rr C C D"lAyphA ok (6) F ok

C C C" :lA @@Z D@@A qC (8) F ok lvo yCoDF ok NDCo  
Ծ kDC HC D pSC PeN D DF D )oC D MCwC D v nhDN C eC 
(CldC G ϵ p

............................................  
.133 c ,196 ,1 U ,zD pwN(1) 
.498 ,2 U ,DGC W(2) 
.414 ,lV 5 ok qC 3 U ,D pwN(3) 
.25 ,2 U ,DNC(4) 
.95 ,2 U , pwN(5) 
.79 ,18 U ,DC co pwN(6) 
ok o߮A ,kF lz qDlA PCo ok o߮C vpC A PvC C"rOC ϵ vpC A"qC o߲@@(7) 
."rOC ϵ vpC A"F lz p lA PCo ok NoߥF A DA PvC Ϸ Ap 
.290 ,D o(8) 

165 : e

nC CmPCo C G pF HNpO MCole qC Ap Dzk vN peN pF Ck MDCo зV @w@@vk  
A phA ok Co"DC Eo leC"Vpk (1) F ok ."(DC Eo leC )첷C ϷC ...lܵ  
.koA"lDh D "V qC lF v

dpC kDC HC DpSC PeN D DF D )oC D MCwC D " :lA @@@Z (2) F ok  
WC m oC MCwC lF dpC(dpC kDC HC D" :lA o߮C pk @@F ok ."...@@dp@C 
."eC rrC kDC HC D" :lA pk Fok "첷C ypC Eo CpC

ok MDCo C Z lDvo DV F oplz NDA ok MDCo OhC" lCO Rle qC F @@@C  
Co DA Pk Ap lz peN ok on MDCo DNC Z.PvC Ϻ kkp"loCk DNC Ap@ @p@e@N @C 
.l k Co pk DA qC p lCpGV

kDWC Ph F Fp MDCo F wpC PvC GϮ ,lz Dz MDCo ok зV wvk O @@@C D@C  
VCp vC ol ok C QkCd ,MDA pvDN ok koC oDGhC F a ,Ozn DOC v DG@C @@ 
kp Cpd Dzk ١Z pFCo ECh vC qC rZ pOorF Z ,lD DF CpF A ok ,lkpNb lD@ 
DJ qC A oDRA kpF F qC A Cqp Ϸz kpƹp A o kp y@D@h qC @@e@ @ @O@d D@@C  
PwC.PvC vC CpF llz o PvC p ApoA.PvC p@ Ap@ ,l@@@@@@@ 
lkF l Eh Dzk ,oA.PvC ݥeO A ok Mߵk kC MG lDV lq lv k oD׸@@@V 
ЬDF pv kok pO lF DGC NDh MG pC ,lqDvOi Co A PWd lq kpGOvk Ap F lC@O@F p@C 
.kp oCp v o v vC DF pF pk lw qCvC k qCpz kz

FDe F NDCo F DA lA pFAp lz peN pF lOvC D ok PvC k Dϵ C qC HW  
,kkp ЬDF Ap PWd pC.l Z l pǾ b lUDWOdC lz Ew PF C C @F D@  
C p Z ok ,kz pRC F ߻ k oD ,lz ЬDF DGDC NDhMG

............................................  
.85 ,1 U , pwN(1) 
.84 ,1 U , pwN(2) 

166 : e

,Po Dk qC ykh ,koA rWCܵ F Ap k MG ߵk kp joDN Ծ ok lvo DW @F @i@v  
,kF pGػJ OvCo F C C pF , F DVC plD DF rZ C qC ,lz ko@i@O@vk @ @Ap@ 
,kCk oCp PWdCo A pGػJ D Cpq - PvC PWd DVC Z ,PvC kF C MG pF CrWOvCo F Ap 
? G Co Ap C MG lDF xJ - Pw Aok DDV qC W DVC qC D  
,l lDN Co A Cp lCz Pw DOdC Tld зV wvk DOdC ,i@v D@N@ !! 
,lD DF oDGhC A pF pzPWd pk ,A Op p ok DF ,koCnDF on MDCo CpF oDGO@C 
.kkp Dv oDGOC qC DA pNlwC fe Od ,õ PWd

ߤC ok ,loh Hp C DC ,l lص ok Tld DVo PvC C Dܷ ,lvP@W@d Cp@q  
.koCl lvPe F Fo ,kz kpF Pvk DA OCo

F ODGz b EvC ٲ p qC kpFvC Ap Cv Co Dov MDA ,peN MDCo O @C D@C  
"h"ov G qC - oDwF koC F l VCp pC PvC rr lChkh VCp k ,koCl Ap@ @@ 
lN Co D oDO o߬F ,koh lC@h p@F - (1) PvC lzPCo Pv C p qC p lZ F "ld"ov 
:zDF kp Co lChPdqDN oA DWC ok Co ov k C D ,k lCh 
pO i p ϵS pOw Ow DC dpC dpC C wF" :PvC Z h o@v 
le w C lWw ϥ lG DC C dpCdpC C wF" :PvC Z ld ov (2) "pW 
. (3) "e pDDF FCn C Oi Odo Vp

Ap ٲ qC yClqDv PvCDDn DC koA Co A MDCo CoDJ A p P ov @@a@@  
EvC lz C yCWO kp lN

............................................  
.26 ,2 U ,DNC(1) 
.65 ,1 U ,DNC(3 2) 

167 : e

зV ܲ ok ,peN l pF Ap Pk DF kF Di De F r lvPe p p@F @p@e@N MD@Co  
GZ PvCh lz Cq lD PvC kCk Pvk qC Co ط uD Fplkkp@ k@F En@ kD@@vC 
,lvpF Ap rW DvA ٲF PvC OwCO r Ap zk C ,kp yCp r Co kh O@o Co l@Cp@i@F 
,kz N oDZk lz qC m G p PvC OrZ ,kp yCp Co Ep DFq ط E@vC 
,lk PGw Ap F lOvCh Dzk DD C F yoDv rr lChDz @F @ qD@F Cn@ 
C pF l dDN MCpV F pDh DجC DF PvC PA ,kpGF J D ߵk Ovok F DN lD@@@@VCp@ 
ok loCk MDCo F PGw PvC llz lGN HN pDiF ,l DOC Dov Z F @@@Rl@e@ 
D ,kG lGN HN C pC l DN Ap pF TkDdC OzCk pok A ߷W qC fe @@i@@N 
.Pw p Ap rV on MDpN C F l d p okkF

.kz cp lDF PV F PvC EDO DFDi lzDF fe p F ,peN MDCo O @@@C D@C  
rrEDO C "A pD (1) "߲De DC pnC Dr e DC"A pD DF PDiD kߥ PvC C eN 
kC rV A DC o Z - ,PvCܱ PDi C lF DN ,Pw@@ (2) "h l F ЬDGC ND  
ok DF F PvC D Pvk ok Է Ap W Z ,PvC EDO Pk DF PDi kCp F - PvC @ 
.PvC kCl go peN Ap ok C pF koCk Pk ,Pzn peN pFC k

rW ,lF ٲ ok CrVC Pw DPvk ok Ap A Dd ,kp zlhPk C ok PvC @@ o߮@Z  
MDOhC A k ok .PvC D lvo m F p lF ok NDOhC k ok ykh lpl@ p@@@ k@F 
pF p ߬Fp F oD ,oߥ rV C ϵ d oD kD@C ok@ ,koCk @@@ 
A F Co A lClh PvC Ap ٲ ok MDߥh C ,PvC DvC pF CpC ,HNp@O@ @@C 
.PvC k EDOC DV ok k ,MDߥh

............................................  
.9 A ,pWd ov.PzCk Ch ߿e De Co C D kp qD N pF Co Ap D OGC(1) 
ov.kߡ ЬDF ,d EDOC(Ozn lA)xJ J qC rp PvC Mr DF A p EDO C @@@e@O@F (2) 
.42 41 MDA Pϥ 

168 : e

:peN F D pk k k F jvDJ  
lF õ"lO DA k k qC jvDJ DC wC ϵ ϵ e oDF ok OCo peN l õ kD@@G@O@vC 
pd ,pd C PwC"lzDG A ok Ϻ DGOzC b kz oA V ߥp Pvk @F @Ap@ l@Ck@ 
C ,lCk C DFCo lz Oz PDi õ Cpq ,PvC xǵ F HϮ F ,P@w@@ @@F @Cp@h 
C DF lz Oz C pF lzDF Cp k DV p xJkoDz HVC Co A PDi lF Co k A P@@C@ 
C DF Co ApC PþC kCk CoC Dk p k DV F D kpnJCo A PvC ľC@ 
.lkp MDGRC

EDeC pF OzCk p ()C pC ,ϵ vN p Ap oA V p C Dv k qC jvDJ D@C  
DdqC ,kF Cpk Ap DF Di kF kp oA V EDV A Ap C pFkz k DA Opn@K@  
Dov HNpN p qC EDV A Ap koDOdC C qC F ,PvC OzCk DC rZ A p D k ߤC 
qC b F ODi A ,PvC OzCk PDi pDv Ap DF PvC lz qDXolN F ov D@A D@  
.OzCl kohpF k Dd

kDOC pk DAp ok kF OCo Clh k qC DdC D d Mpd A Ap DC kF C p pC @Z  
UDWOdC F A v F o߬ F F ,PzCk pF kh ApqC Pvk kDv A F @@C p@@C ,P@vC k@F 
,MDCo kUDWOdC DA DF Oi koC ok F Da ,lz D DA CpCkpW F PhCkpJ 
D Oh P pC oDF ok EDV A l ko Od A ok k G Co Mpd A MDVDWO@dC 
ok PDh F Co DC EDV A lzDF kG DA kh DAp ok lzDF l@C@hCo@v D@ @A p@@k p@C ok 
.lzDF kp OAp

pC ECV ok.kp oDDJ wMld d pDiF()ϵ l Dh Z w@ P@vC @@@  
pܾpkF DAp A Di Dp kh Ap qC()ϵ PzCk DV lkF OpxC Ap DF qCok DDv DDw@ 
Ap kp V F DDw PvC C qo oDF ok D oDO .lzDF Owz Co w Mld CkD@G@ D@N l@D@@ 
.kF l iJ Dpzok kG kp Pvk ok Ap q lkF OhCkpJ

169 : e

A DoCr pF DF DA DkC FlDz NDA C DkC PvC Z l@@ yD@ C  
ص kF DA ߤC D !?lCkp nd Co DA MpdA Di k@F P@ p@C @F @VCo @@ l@zD@F 
Ck A DF ,lFkh F NCpV Z o߮Z!?kF oCk pGh A qC()ϵ DN lCOzClpGh A qC DD@w@ 
v A !?lkCk D kh qC AOpCp ok OGo z A Ap d ok DDw@ @ @ 
Ap kh CDF!?PvC OzCk nG A DF ϷN DA F A lDvo MDA GN ok()Clh vo z@ 
@ @ND@A A" (2) C r D uD GO" :kpr " (1) eC EDOC Ϸ" : kp fpN oDF C ok p 
ED D CeD"V "DOC C߮wN C Oh C "V D ok Dwov ok l@@@@ @vp@ (3) TkDdC 
(4) v Rle NDA A r .kDOC lz A oCr k qC F ܷ Ap TR qClC F kF"DwC @ 
(5) kp pF ov DF Dw Co on ov A Dl A"C wF"lD ,lz DvPCpF ov qC lC@O@@ 
on ߷W@ MD@Co@ @ND@A A D@ . (6) lz Dv A qC A Pwk kF pF ov qC pOorF ECrdC ovC 
Clh Co Ap qC CoDJ"O Tld qC Dk CpF Pv @C (7) pw qC V lz OC gw l 
A qC Cpv p Od ,lClz o߮Z ?lCOo DW ,lCOpnJ"kp gwCo NN kpF D@kD@ qC 
.!?PvC Op Co DoCr

?koCk Dܷ Z Clh kpF kD qC vpJkpF DkD qC Clh lF ,lk oCp lv Co Tld D@ @ D@@z p@C  
MDA CpZ xJ?lz gw MDA A F ص kF C pDiF MN jwDA?lzDF lCN Z MN jw qC kߥ@@ 
pk hw

............................................  
.2 A ,V ov.kqA Pd EDO Co DA(1) 
.44 A ,e ov.kz qD DC F Co aA kp CpF DF DN(2) 
.34 c ,438 ,1 U ,SC o pwN(3) 
.p vDOC C ,1 U ,DNC(4) 
.65 ,1 U ,DNC(5) 
.25 ,2 U ,DNC(6) 
.231 ,3 U ,qCo pi pwN(7) 

170 : e

:peN F D pk k F jvDJ  
ok DN ?l OC gw PvC p Ap ok C vC PC ok CpvC F F Fp@ QkC@d oCp@@N 
MD@@@A (1) DDA PvDWCHDV ?A p ,l A ,Cq Cq cD A l A lD!?lDDF p Ap 
DN NDA A pk w ,A F ص lz jwۢNN DA ,l w k Co @O@C g@w@@ 
.Vo AlD PvC lz jw NN

............................................  
.24 DN 22 ,2 U ,DNC 230 ,3 U ,qCo pi pwN(1) 

DDkD qC ,l DA pF ԮF hlClhPV lF kG Clh MD lVC kF C pD@i@F D@  
,kG"h l F ЬDGC ND " rr EDO Clh rV Pd ok xJ kF Z pC.PvC kp@F 
... k leN A DF COF CrW ,Ow Cp v F d v F kD Х ,kG OhCqC r@ 
c qC lz qD Co A PvC k p ND F Co ApDN Clh Cpq ,kG Ap F iv ,D@N@ .k@G@ 
Co A ,koClCo A ok ЬDF PD D DN lF oDC ok r p ok lCh rr EDOCo A r ,߿@e@ 
.PvC lD... rW ,ЬDF d D Dp ,o ,PCl ,Х

kF Ap qC CoDJ F ߥil p Co Ap NDA C F CN qDF p Z D@F D@A  
C DN DA?kz ԮF yiOvk OC gw ,ko DkDqC lDDF C DN ,PvC D Pvk ok @@C 
yCp lz OC gw l D ?PvC CkDV rW ,Dp ,o ,PCl ,Х PvC lD@@D@F 
b lOF PDh pRC qC D PvC C qC p ԮF p?PwԮF o߮@Z?P@w@@ Ԯ@F l@z 
.PvClh loA kD pm qDFkDOC oD qC lFC CpF C DF DA ?lOF oD qC lFC CpF k cԤC Co A lCOrZ

ok v z p qC NDCo GϺ C qC Do CpF kCk MCpV kh F P@vC @@@ @d x@J  
.PvC kkp ,Clh EDO DF ODipDiF lvo MN jw D peN

PC ok C QkCd"l (2) oDGhC :C oDZ k qC jvDJ DC

............................................  
.481 ,2 U ,lC D 218 ,5 U ,Gd F ldC lw(2) 

171 : e

PvC oDwF oDGhC DDNC ,PwDA ok pd ,oCk G"kCk go CpvC F ok PvC RkCd lD @vC  
.koCl MDV ok kF Dw pF Pk oDGhC C Mop ClVMkDz F ,lvpF pNCN ld F lDz

F xJ.RkDd p qC ,PvC pRC WO p qC A oC CoDJ ok PFD C lpnKF lD@F p@r@D@ x@J  
DF vC PC PFD PvC ,kz Dz Co EDO peNMDCo C G @p@ 
F ,lzDF Oi HCnF EDC pN OhC Qld ܷ peN WO PV qC Dw C ok CpvC FP@C 
" lA lCkp Co DA pNCN DkC F oDwF MDCook Da.l pN Co Hn A Hn C e@ 
kDOF kPC p k kDO F oD PC Da ,kz H p v kDOF vC PC kq @F 
. (1) "lz H p

C ,lCk Clh EDO F lOw Cokh Hn ,Dv DPC qC on Dp PvC fC pJ @C  
koC oDGhC F ,kp pwN kh Co F Co p Ap ,lCk peNkh DV qC Co MD C pDiF p Pw 
kp p Ap kh F ,A v qC fe iN CpF C lF lCkp kDOC(lzDF Z p )MDApw@N ok 
.lzDF

o߮A ,peN pF Pk V b FPvC PRD PFD PC k D C pF Ck MDCo ФC ,i@v D@N@  
O ,kz peN DvC pN Ap C F lz fpNDA qC F ok ,F.koCl l DkC DA 
.PvC kkp EDO PDi pDiF pF Ե oDGhC qCOvk C

:oDZ Х
A qC lF hpF ()pGDJ Dq ok Ap V pF hpF NDCo F V Ap DN V oDF ok  
loCk Pk Mpd

D V ok DzpOF Ap Dd!Clhvo h C :P pF FC F EDh F pص : lA F÷ joDN ok  
F qC DWolN A(첾Dd)Dd Oo F qC DF vpN Cpq oAV Co Ap PvC o߮Z ,llz @O@@ 
kp Z()Clh vo A Dd F Co oD C CpZ :P pFFC?kpF

............................................  
.30 c ,372 ,2 U ,l Dh(1) 

172 : e

A DN Z ,lz Oz e ok oA V Ap A DN Pp Co kh kDܡJ C PJ pص oC lF F A qC?k@F  
.kF pO WO ok ,lz Oz EZ OiN qC DN ok qo

F Co A lwF Co Ap lDF P kp Mߵk CwV ok Co oDC qC p DWJ p qC p XJ PwF p@@F @FC  
. (1) lDvpFPvC f쥾 kp DC F lv p

F kp oDF pOz pF k V()Clhvo Pdo qC xJ Co A HD FC F ϵ lCkp PCo F @O@G@C  
. (2) kF kpwN rV P F Co Ap()ϵ.Ckp oA V PvC ApC :kp koA FDe p@@e@ 
.kpF Co CrVC A vC on PCo

FC Z ,llz O oDC pVD qC ,ApDoD qC p ECn w DF V ok : lA ClC FC joDN ok  
qC Co A lA pF Ap oA V D ok ,PvC oDwF lCOzn ok CA ok @ Ap@ @@@D@d l@ l@k p@@F 
pw ,pص pOhk 饿dkr ok Co A k oA V MDCdPvJ ,DoDJ OiN DlpV qC 첾DdD@v 
.PzCn()Clh vo

.konlCh p qC C PvC NDCo ,joDN k C ϤC ol o

HϬ F pF FC kDOC DNC D V Dqo ok :P l PFDR F lq qC kh fe ok oD@i@F  
D C l lA kr pص :P pF FC.PvDWA EDhF pص lk Oo C kr F O kD@O@vp@ 
Ap qC oDwF WO ok ,kpGF F qC Co DA F D r lA DV vpN kp ok Co Ap@@D@d 
.kz oA V Ap k oOvk lvo pF lr ,kz ݾk Dh k ok A 첾Dd v D@F @p@ 
qC .PvC Fh oD Clh FoD C :P pص?PvC kp()Clh vo rF oD F PvkZ :O C @F @ 
A MCpV Cp kp kD oD C CpF Co Cv lClh ADN kCk pnN kp VCp F HNp l@@F @F A 
Cp ,kCk

............................................  
.135 ,2 U ,F÷ joDN(2 1) 

173 : e

.OpnJ Co pص p PpF

:P F lvo DWC F O pF FC :l PFDR F lq  
WOwV lDF N ,Oz EDV A CpF CoC d()Clh vo l ok Ow kDOC ko D CV N 
Co kp N F pF FC DOvk pC w Clh F :l lq.DoA V Co Ap MDA GON 
oD F Pvk o߮Z O Cn ,kp F ApoA V ߥh ok kG N C qC pNPiv ١F kh yk F 
.PvC ph oD lv Clh F oD C :P?PvC kp kh()Clh vo lq

Co pص pF FC v G DZ A ,kpkD Cp v lClh DN kp VCp F pF FC DCk lF @F A qC  
lvDv DphPhok DhDz ok Co DA OvDhpF Ap MDA WOwVF DN MCpV DF.kF kp kD 
Co PCpF ov phA DN"vo DV l"V qC Co FN ov phA k oA V kF pO kp Dv qD@ 
xJ A qC ,Po Dk qC A DN lDF pF FC kr e C kF kp GCo A w C p OD oDC rh kr@ 
. (1) lz oCl pص pOhk 饿d kr A qC lF kF lq DN kF pصkr

:P lzPCo HDd F dpC lG F e p qC kCk FC qC  
lOzCk qo A ok .koDF Co A lzDF kp d lz Ap qC rZ A()Clh vo qC p :P lA p@@ 
... Dd De ok Co Ap

. (2) lk MkDz A G pF pk A DN lpnK Co Ap qC rZ ldC qC lOzCk C pF oCp lkp oA V  

pF FC :P kp PCo - l kpFp lZ vC lv p ok OGC - yolJ qC p F D p qC C qC qDF  
lpF Co A xJ kp d Ap qC aA G pF koA lDz k x p ,lF lWw ok pF :P lq F pص @F 
. (3) lwF

oA V Co Ap w C :P kp PCo lv F T qC - dDC EDO ok - OzC FC qC D@@NC ok  
Co A PFDR F lq kF pF FC kp

............................................  
.ApC V EDF 255 ,6 U ,oDiF fe(1) 
.58 ,1 U ,DNC(3 2) 

174 : e

Co PCpF ov phA ,koAkD lDz k Pz Co w MD߿e C ,llA l@q kr@ kp@ ,P@z@  
:P pF FC.PzCl PFDR F rh FC rV w 
Co A lq Cn ,kz OpnJ MkDz k DVF rh FC MkDz kF kp()Clh vo Cpq ,lwF @ Co A 
. (1) PzCl lDz Z Pz lkpG koA Co Vo A pص.Pz

PCo yolJ qC pFq F C lG F kDG Fe qC DevC F le p qC - dDC EDO ok - kCk FC FC qC  
qC Co A k C k MkDz :P koA CpF PCpF ov phA qC Co Ak C rh F QoD@d :P@@ @ kp@ 
kF A v pC :P DA.Clz Co DA k MkDz r :P pص Ckp d l@z()Cl@h@vo 
. (2) lwF PCpF phA D ok Pw Z ,kCk oCp DClV ov Co A

"A F PCpF ov ok llvo DN lkp V CoAp :P kp PCo H F FC qC DC FC p qC qC r  
qC lF()Clh vo :P FC.PwA A phA C lkp Dh "ÿ DF F C p C߾pC @R 
. (3) PvC - ov phA DN - "voDV l"A A ,kp PCp CpF pk A k A C

qC lG qC pq qC F Dv qC oDwF CpFC :P kp ylC߾ EDO ok D p@k qC D@@NC ok  
VAp qC rZ b q Dd ok Po Dk oCk qC()Clh vo :PvCO C kp Tld D CpF PFDR F lq 
. (4) kF l oA

DoDJ o qC Co Ap OzCk()Clh vokr :P kp PCo PFDR F lq qC kh lv F olOw ok D@d  
. (5) ...kp oA V

............................................  
.58 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.OhC lC DF 296 ,3 U ,oSC olC(2) 
61 1 U DNC 295 3 U oSC olC(3) 
57 1 U DNC(4) 
.57 ,1 U ,DNC(5) 

175 : e

qC DA lzDF C PCo C qCkߥ ,lzDF OzCl MDD G PCo DF PCo C PvC :  
qC CoDJ D .kp e kh ov F Co Cl p ,kp VDW kF lz qD l@@Cp@J o@ @F o@v 
oCp J Co Mԥ C߬ lD lkF p kF vO ,lF ,DN p@@ qC@ Co D@o@v 
qC lF EDO Moߤ F Ap oA Vw o߮F p .lz kD DA qC G TkDdC ok Da.@kCk@ 
.lChm ok OCo kz d lDF O D V F kDOC DNC()Clh vo Pznok

y F DN lCh Hz koA V Co Ap :P kp PCo pص FC qC @D@w@ f@@e@ ok  
. (1) CiF D p ok CoAp :kp ,lvo()Clh vo

()Clh vo Dq ok Ap :P kpPCo p H F le qC wd lv F kCk FC FC qC D@@NC ok  
. (2) lz oAV oDC EC FC CkolC FC ,H F FC ,PD F kDG ,GV F mD ܷoDC qC p XJ Pvk F 

Co Ap()Clh vo l ok :P kp PCo pv FC qC - hlC EDO ok - F qC EDO D ok r@@  
k F lq FC ,H F FC ,GV F mD :qC lkF MoDG DA Pw OhC DA ok lkp oA V p oD@@Z 
N DS lCO pk F DS Ckok FC lCO F ,PvC OhC ko kkp p v ok pk p@@ 
. (3) oCk

p z()Clh vo l ok Co Ap :P kp PCo Gz qC kCk FC FC qC F qC EDO@ D@@ ok qD@F  
ov kp ,kF kp V RoDd F W OGC.lq FC lG F lv CkolC FC ,mD ,lq ,FC :lkp @V 
. (4) Co ov v D

FC qC x p qC - dDC EDO ok - OzC FC qC EDO D ok r

............................................  
.72 ,1 U ,DNC.Dw fe(1) 
.72 ,1 U ,DNC(4 3 2) 

176 : e

DN kF koh w kF nd FCԺ Dv kp V e ok Co Ap w C :P kp PCo lp@F  
. (1) ...kp VphDDF ,kp yk F Cko kp V Co Ap

DA Dov()Clh vo l okDkpGD PvC C koCk Pk A pF MDCo C rZ PD@ :@@  
DPvk ok qpC DA ov HNpN F Co Ap lkF OzCk PDܵ CDC .lkF kp@ @@V Co Ap@ 
pF FC Dq ok oDF C CpF DNkp V o߬ C ,oA.koCl Pk lzDF kp V pk HNpN F D@ P@vC 
.PvC lz EDF

............................................  
.58 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 

:WJ Х
DS Dq ok PCp uDvC pF Ap lN V Oi dD oA kp

DOCp Oi DAp oD CCkC WO ok ,lz pz pF FC Dq ok Ap oA V l@N @@A qC l@@F  
.PhCkpJ A oA VF k oDF CpF DS Cn lA kV F kDq

Dov ,ko ok Co ߬ Dov ,kp DN oA V Co Ap DS :lw kh joDN ok F÷@ 
Ck EA DF k V kF vC qo A oDC ok Co De DN DA ,kCk oCp p@k @ko @ ok Co D@N@ 
A DF Co D A plD e b k߷w FC e rV lCqwF pk F F .PwFp@v 
.k

.k DOC Ap kCk qC C kpF CoC Ap PvCh pD F C lG Dd ,kF ok A ok k߷w @FC  
A ok D kD kDw F o k C DN PvpF l F Co C lAoOvk ECV ok ,Pz DS F Co D@d 
.lD llJ

o lk Co k߷w FC O.kF FDh߻ pG qCp pF DS lA ok lWw F O ,lz l koC k߷w FC  
DJ DF kCk oOvk DS.kCk C F lN ECV k߷w FC.kz koCDz pF koCk lF oDV :P kp F kp@ 
CpOC F DFq lz Co DpVO D.Pwz yCv Dlk qC DN k ص C WO ok ,lܡF qF Co C 
.kp oDwF F kߡ

177 : e

prV ,peF ,Dz ,p , ,l ,pF , G qC Dpz F lz Oz De DS pC @F  
.l PCp Co Apiw F kCk oOvk kp F lz kDOvp

qC Co OhC C DN PvCh ,G ԾAp l kF lvo z F kF PV lF DS ClC @C  
zoCr WO lz O ,kF Oz DS CpF Co pd C k߷wFC :lCO F.koCkpF D@@ 
yoCr lCO pkF.kߡF o߮C OvCh P lzPdCoD lCqv Co DAp D@S@ @l@z @C 
. (1) kF kCk D F nd Co on

qpv F Dz C DF oDqo ok DF nd :P kp PCo xC qC oDiF lA D@NC ED@O@ ok  
Ap Cl p kp kohpF HϮ C F kF DWA fO ppv Po DWDFomAqpv F Cp C DF @oC 
:P DS F kp o ,lzDS pF koC lA l F O ,lz kq Pd h ,l@ P@Cp@ o@V @Co 
Ap kDOvp 饿d kr DS.lz OhC oDZk oD kPC lD oCn EDok Co vC PC DF DS@ 
,pFq F C lG ,PFDRF lq DA.CkppF OF Co Mkh iw oDFk oCkpF iw A o qC DN lFPvC N kr @ 
.loCkpF iw A qCDN kp oD Co D F QoDd F dpC lG D F lv

DFq F Ap Cpq ,lwF p PCp F PzCkOhC PFDR F lq PCp DF DzPCp pC :P p p v @F  
F Co 饿d e DS DA.lk koC e ok Co e lkp Co oDC p@ oD@@Z @C.l@z qD@ @p@ 
ok Z e ok ZCo DAp F DN kCk oOvk kDOvp oDk p F lz Oz @dD@@ qC ,l@@Ckp@p@FC 
.lkq NA dD

vo ECrdC ov ok kohpF HϮC F kp oA V Co DAp A ok :l PFDR @F l@q  
F rhDN lz Ϸ eN qC lF ,kG OzCk oDOhC ok Diw ok kpPCp@ Co C@A()Cl@h 
DVo C "A qC kF MoDG Co A.koCk Co A oDC PFDR

............................................  
.170 ,2 U ,F÷ joDN(1) 

178 : e

. (1) kCk oCp ykh DV ok"ϵ C ClD D Cl

F xC pD F qC kp :P kp PCo F FC qC ,EC p qC OzC FC PvC ED@O@ D@@ ok qD@F  
CqACk CoDqA Pp DF DaA lA llJ Ap pv pF OhCDS l ok :P lO @@D@ 
kh Cik F Co A lHnN Co Ap Pd ok :P lvo DS y F HϮ C.lkDOC DW@F 
lz V()le EDeC C ,kF lCh pOF DOhClA lCh qC lF DA Cp?lD PCp 
.lwF DC kpCpF

()Clh vo P lkp׽OhC CA ok Z ,lOhCkpJ Ap Oz F llA kp@ ED@e@C  
C()Clh vo llvpJ DA lDF l C qC lDz p v DF DN kDOvp DSkCk kD Ծ F Co @A @C 
DV ok kF O o߮A Co A ,PvC OhA F o߮C P?oWC D oWC DA?kCk kD N F Z Co @A 
. (2) lOz lkF OzCnʢCpF G Dh

PvCh DS O :P kp PCofϾC F pS qC pv FC p qC kCk @FC @FC qC ED@O@ D@@ ok qD@F  
pص Dh ok @ Co (3) Fo DN lkDOvp DC ,k EDiOC Co oDC p qC pkqCk oD C CpF lwF Co dD 
.lpF oOvk C qCDN lqClF phDN lkp OhC OCp p ok PzCn oCp DC DF DS.lkoAkF

A G pF Co A k ClJ Co App phA kF C OhClC phDN qC o߲ p F :l@@@ l@@e@  
. (4) (kp p()Clh voF Co Ap oDF Dv pGV Z)lwF

oDF ok :kp()ϵ P kp PCoϿ F lv qC fe lv F kCk FC FC P@vC ED@O@ A ok r@@  
Cpq ,l Fh rV DS

............................................  
.59 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.59 ,1 U ,DNC(2) 
.l Co Gq D Z GV"Fo"(3) 
.59 ,1 U ,DNC(4) 

179 : e

Z Dz :lvpJ HNp ,kF D p pq D Moߡ DF kCk DWC Ap ߥh ok C @a@A @ @w@ Cl@h @F  
N PCp qC PCp l F F F :lz(Pqo kF Z DpV )?PCp C oDF ok l 
pF Cokp PvC C p P?PwZ Mkh p :O D.koA ok p qC pvoD C ,PvC pO@F 
. (1) PvC Fhp oDwF O D ,lߡ p p Ap PCp ok DN ,qDv oCkC PCp

Moߤ F Co dD PvCh O DF DS kp PCo pdC F DGϵ qC xp FC PvC oSC ol@C ok  
,lqClF PCpF ov ok"C HnC r nC "V C qC Co"C"pd lOvCh F ,koA ok ED@O@ @ 
. (2) llz pA nd qC ,xJ.p ylF Co kh pz D lwF Co A"C"DPFC

lCkp PCo uDG FC qC kp Dd Dd FC Dw ,npN ,kCk FC ,ldC qC DNC ED@O@ ok  
qC C DF lwF J Co PCpF ov DC ov kpDNoCkC rZ Z O DS @F @ :P@@ @ 
D lOzCn"dpCdpC C wF"k A D PvC CA l Dov qC pk PvC @D@o@v 
qD rZ O lz qD()Clh vo pF MDA CoCk Cov :P DS?lOzCn@ @@ o@vP@@ 
ov ,lA DZ Z A ok Cov A okloCnF Co MDA C kp d Dlw qC F F l@z@ 
,lz qD phCC ok PvC Dov qC PCpF ov ,lz qD l ok MpW CCok PvC D@o@v qC D@@C 
vo Z .PvC ov ArV ov C kp Dh Diz ,kF DC HD F Gz A H@D@ @Z @ 
J Co ov k C v qC PV F kp HϮ CoDF ok Co D N Po D@@k qC()Cl@h 
. (3) koCn ߬ ovP JCo A pk v qC ,kCl oCp"dpC dpC C wF"k A D ,kCk oCp 

............................................  
.59 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.232 ,3 U ,oSC olC(2) 
.60 ,1 U ,DNC(3) 

180 : e

,Cpص A ,pF :Dov lA pF pG@V (1) FC PCo qC PCo C qC o߮F ߬ ovP qC kߥ :  
DC ,kCk pN Co A DS xKv kF oCp lF DA HNpN C V ok PvC x ,CpC ,DC ,lD ,Dw 
pNV Co DC kCk oCp x CpC D ,lzDF DS qC G lDF PvC DA l qC Co PCpF ,PvC DSqC Co 
.kCk DV PCpF qC

:١z Х
kz kDOvC Ap DN V F Fp MDCo qC aA

fe DA qC F PvC Ap oAV EDF ok koC MDCo pOp lz Ozn Х k ok @ND@Co  
oA V qC kF MoDG C PF ok Ap oA V lA pF DAW qC ,PvC pGO p@@ p@@k @@@F 
Do PvJ okD A p lܿv DO D qD lv Dv ok D i DhDz p@F D@@ D@o@v 
.PvC kF A HvD Dov F kF wPvk ok Cl p lz qD DA OvJ ,kF lz Oz

Diw oDN oDZk qo A Co CV C qC kF MoDG ,DS Dq ok V ܷ ,k PF ok @@V D@C  
DVo C "A lz e V C ok CA DN lkp pe׸V F k@F l@z D@Ap@ @O@hC 
Dd ok lz PFDRF lq qC DZ ,lkCk DV ECrdC ov ok Co A kF"...ϵ C ClD@ D@C@l@ 
Ewe A rV lCh ECrdC ov ok Co A C w Pzn()Clh vo Pdo qC Dv krD@J Ml@ 
.lz

@A Co (2) "DVCqC on ߾O nC "A O DS F :P kp PCo pq FC qC oDiF Da  
qC Ap qC Co CA b !kCq okCpF P?lwF lOvCi D lOzCo ivD@ D@@z kp@ j@w@ p@@k 
. (3) k pN ykhDV

C MDCo pN lص - MDCo C CpJ ok kCqA pǿN aA

............................................  
.63 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.240 A ,pF ov(2) 
.36 ,pF ov EDF ,6 U ,oDiF fe(3) 

181 : e

,PvC pNCO p kDdA ,MDCo lZ p PvC C lD kA F DA Pk ok a@ - P@vC ED@F  
vo kp fpN p Ap o߮F Z ,l DAOpnJ qC prD Co kA koCk Cp @@ @Cp@ 
F Od ,kp׹FC kp F l DO Co A qC rZ C lF lz qD CpF Ap qC Z p@()Cl@h 
o߮Z lkF Op kD kCk kD ߻ DC FDeqC Cl oC ,kp DF DCpF kCk kD kp 
DV ok DzpOF lkF Cp D lkCk kD Cpk F l A ,PwZCl p DF ,l@ P@Cp@ 
.llz O

Da Ap ϷN ϷN oCqDF pC ,lOzCk kp d Ap Op ok llzPGo @ D@q A kp@  
lD J C ol DDw pF PDv F qo OdxJ.lz oA V Ap @A D@N P@zCk @CkC 
.lD p Ap pv pFlA DGC pDv DFDO WC MCoN pv pF aA ,lzDF OwF pF Pho DDqC Ap

DqD ok Co Ap Dov pOF()Clh vo oCk v z p qC oDzF MDCo C p@F @  
DvC MDCo C pOF ok ,kF PV GC oߩd ok qD ok lCh Ap@C ,l@C@h@ A p@@ @@@ 
.PvC lz kpF A l Z ZDov

Z ok Co A lz oD()Clh volA CA p lDvo PvC Pvk ok NDCo onF @@C qC  
lDF pDC C"A pwN ok Co A D DC FC F DS PCo lD ,lk DVCA @Z qC l@@F Co@v 
ov qC DV Ծ ok Co A kCk oOvk koA CpF Co A CpGV :kp()Clh vo @ (1) "DwdC 
. (2) k oCp e

ykh kF lz qD XolN F NDA Co Dov()Clh vo lDvo PvC NDCo P@Co @C p@@@  
A p r qC lF EDV A l kA MDCo C qC ,xJ.A p Dw Cpص A ov lD ,lCh

............................................  
.90 A ,e ov(1) 
.60 ,1 U ,DNC 128 ,4 U ,oSC olC(2) 

182 : e

PvC Clh PwC pF k pNlص kh Ap C DF peN l pF Ap V F Fp MDCo Pk  
.lk oCp DV Z ok Cov Z ok Co A kCk oOvk d Dlw Fl peN

DN CoCk D p ok kV Ap ,koA TdDG C ClOFC ok PvC k D pN@ l@C@z @@ qC  
.l N A F CopGػJ pF qD Ap DN Clh PvC DC

:PvC HϮ lZ kz kDOvC on MDCo qC GD iv DN  
.OD pN l DC A pF rZ ,PvC DN Clh Pw p Ap lV k F D aA @C - 1 
pص lz PCo p lZ F Da ,koCl A pF PkkC C lzDF kDO Ap qC rZ C D@C 
p@@F oD@@@@z l@@dqC (1) vA O F Co MDCo C CN .l Oz kDOC Vo AkD F oDwF 
qC iv OhDv zo Pw F kFiv OC gw O Cpq ,kp OC gw@ p@F @@dP@v 
.PvC pNCvo pNz AppeN MDGRC qC kp OC gw

- lOzCk pk Ap Pz DS pC Fk PF ok pF FC pC F lq Ap A p F Dw ,C pF @  
kF kp D ok pCk Ap ok aA qC Co rZ - k߷w F C lG H F - FC ()HD FC F ϵ l@D@ 
lvo Ap A DF PDiok DkpGD qC rZ DN.lz Ap hCk Ap p rZ Ծ lO lkp@oD@@C 
lkF qpd k D@@C P@@@ , (2) kF Oz Co Nm߷ ,kh Ap ok C lz k߷w FC qC PvC C 
C EDeC F .kqDvF QkCd lr qC l m߷ A DF Co wd wd DN koA()Clh vo CpF pG@V 
. (4) PvC Ap qC ov k C lz fpN pNCN o߮F()PF C DDC qC (3) lCkp ko Co k߷w FC iv

peN o߬ F Cp F߿e PvC kDdA MDCo lF o߮D FDv MDCo ,iv D@N@  
lCkp DkC F C qC ,xJ.ܱ PvC k F peN F PGw ,l Co p@N kD@q @F 
D MDCo

............................................  
.25 ,1 U ,DC co(1) 
.417 416 ,6 U ,oSC olC(2) 
.3 c ,531 ,4 U ,DpF pwN.25 ,1 U ,DC co(3) 
.7 c ,716 ,5 U ,SC o(4) 

183 : e

.lCkp k lF DkC ,PvC pNCO peN w v pPvC kF FDe oD k C V ok Ap ov HNpN

koA QDeFC C pF ClOFC ok PvC kD kz DNC A F p Ap l peN EDF ok k l@@  
pC.PvC lVC koA kh CpF Ap ok DN Clh Co MD A PvC D Pvk ok qpC Ap :@O@@ 
pm A pC.Pw r C ,PvC rZ pok OhC Co Х lz qD()Clh vo pF @@C Ap@A 
PvC rW A pC.Pw r C ,PvC p Cpz d oD GA pC.Pw r @C ,P@vC o@ kD@ 
.koCkr C koCk A pk P p .Pw r C ,koDF ylD Cov lCNw

C Cp vo pF qD Clh pAp C pF k pOF Z , DNC k @ @F @ koCk D@V ,oA  
,lzDF Z p kh p pk k F UDOdC b PvC p MDA F O PvC p Ap k@hP@vC 
ykh DF k PWd lzDF lvo D PvlF Co p qC lzDF x p PvlF lzDF DV p p Ap@x@J.koCl@ 
.PvC

UDOdC yCp MD F kF Ook ,yCCp vo H F DN Clh dD qC qD Ap pk MoDG @F  
C C .pDO ,pNCO k F ,PvC pGػJ A F lOw ApC l MDGRC @k p@F koCl@ @@N 
C DWA qC ܷ ,PvC xǵ F F ,Pw k C pF kF Clh ,koCkk @@Z 
EDV A F lOw kC d F Z C ,CkypGػJ F lOw PvC ߥi DC A F O@ Ap@ 
Opk DDvo DFDO ok.Pw Gz pk EDO b F PV C ok p ApxJ.Ck @Ap@ P@vC 
Dϵ qC F F Ew CCa .lzDF kp MDGRC Co A k k kDOvC GdD F @@C@N@ 
Ap ,Ow D pNCO ܷ , k pF PvC DC F ykDOvC Pe ,PvC Cp H@dD@ 
.PvC Clh C pFPvC k ykh

- Pzn NDCo k F - k Vok a ,kF EDeC oD C V ok Ap Dov HNpN C - 2  
oCp k A qC lF C V ok Dd ok ,kCk oCp x CpC D Co PCpF DC ov DS PzCk @F ok 
.lOzCk

184 : e

OCo S ,OzCk MpD k CV ok HNpN DF EDeC pDv dD HNpN PzCk NDCo k F r@@  
Ap ok kF ϵ ov lz qD Cov C Z kF HNp r HNpNG pF()ϵ @e@@ l@@@ 
lF pN A qC xJ ,PGN DA ,r DA , A qC lF pRl A qC lF ϵ ov ,ov @@C @()@@ 
uoD FC qC D@NC (1) HdD Co PCo C .PvC OzCk oCp l DovDA qC lF Dov phA DN p 
.kp

. (2) PvC lz pm EDV A e CpF pk HNpN F÷ joDN ok

kp Co FC e HNpN pV FC qC kh lv F - dDC EDO ok - C kp O@zC (3) FC qC  
.koCl kV DAp DF ODGz V b F

kV DAp DF kp Co k߷w F C lG e HNpN leC lG F ppV qC kh lv F a  
DA DS DA l Dov A qC xJ kp pz߬ Dov qC C k߷w F C lG.koCk MpD@@ 
. (5) Pw o߮C kV DAp A Dd (4) ,koA Co Mԥ

F N Ap Dov HNpN lCO@@@ P@vC (6) pw qC oDwF kp oDOhC D C FD ok  
F Co Ap Dov DN kCk oOvk DN Clh pC F pGV oDzC F ED@V A ,k@F()Cl@h @vo o@O@vk 
Ck D.lCk pNCNDkC HϮ C MGR ok kp CpC ol@A D@@C qC (7) F Od.lwF HNpNC 
qC pRC DA ok kp Co A lص D kF D EDF CMDCo.koh D ١Z F PvDW pNCO oDGhC C 
.kG pd C

............................................  
.62 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.135 ,2 U ,F÷ joDN(2) 
.64 ,1 U ,DNC(4 3) 
ܷ ,kF k߷w F C lGAp PvC o߮D ߥ HNpN p C ok w F ok kV D@Ap@(5) 
DF qDF Op oCp Mԥ phA ok ,DSDA A l Dov xKv ߬ Dov C r DAp C ok 
(VpO).koCk MpD ϥp Dov phDN lN p qC k߷w FC Ap 
.15 ,1 U ,DGC W ,26 ,1 U ,DC co ,62 ,1 U ,DNC(6) 
.62 ,1 U ,DNC(7) 

185 : e

pF Co pw qC F lOvC kq F PvC l DWC FDe PDhk lF kG N r Ap MDA H@Np@N  
pk oDF lz qD Dk DvA F ߿e c qC phA F DN C qC PF Ap"l @ @ND@Co @F H@Ϯ@ @C 
.koA Ch (1) "lkp qD Clh vo F DWA qC XolNF

EDeC PDhk lF lz qD pO MDAC C DF PvC DAp ok C GNpN F MDA kp @ko @@@C - 3  
C ok EDeC lA pF kp Co C PF oA V DOvCk Oznok NDCo p@D@ qC ,P@vC k@G@ 
.lCkq oDF Co kh v p kDOVCoD

:kp ()Clh vo qC DC FC F DS PCo DC  
C qC @@F (2) "k DV ov qC Ծ ok Co"...DwdC lDF pD C C"A lDF P lA kr pGV" 
.DA DN ok ,lzDF kF Z MDA CoDJ ok()Clh vo ص koCl Pk

Cpq ,koCl D Pvk ok kV Ap FFo koCk Ok Z PCo G z wN @ p@ @F  
.()Clh vo HNpN DF EDeC HNpN PFD pF koCl Pk kp Ozn QDeFC ok oCk Pvk ok NDCo 
kDC Co Dܷ C F.kz ClJ MDCo A ok OkZ kz TDF oCk EDeC F D ܱ @w@d p@  
,lClqo lCOzCkEDV A HNpN F ϵ DWA ok()Clh vo HNpN PDipF lطN EDeC l@@ 
?DW qC lzDF kCk HNpN Co DA Dov C HNpN FD qDF lOzClԬC()Clh vo HNpN qC DWA D@C 
()Clh vo HNpNEDeC C pF lk MkDz Pw lCz pOF C V F Fp MDCook DDNC  
.lkG MDA DN Dd Od ,lOzCl ϵ PvDW CA p DVC F ,lOwCk MDA ok Co

O yCFDe ()Clh vo lA Pv (4) C (3) z p qC Ow MDCo on MDCo e pF Ե  
Co Dܷ C .lz DN G ov ll P A ,lz qD pk C wF ll Co ov lz DN

............................................  
.62 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 
.128 ,4 U ,oSC olC(2) 
.19 ,1 U ,zD pwN(3) 
.231 ,1 U ,ԥC EDO ,Dd olOw(4) 

186 : e

FC .lCkp uDG FCqC pGV F lv p qC oCrF F @D@d kCk @FC koA (1) DNC ok o߮F  
.kkp qD dpC dpC C wF A DN kz DN ovP Z PwCk()Clh vo :PvC O@@ uD@G@ 
.PvC lz pz pk ov OD NDh ov A P Ϸ lz qD C wF O kp DC oCrF

ok P Z ov lOwCk DDw :P kp uDG FC qC lv qC pk p F Dd qC DNC r@  
DN ov lOwCk lz qD Z lkp qD pk dpC dpCC wF DN kz DN @A Cl@ 
.PvC lVC Co w oDiF Cpz PvC O PCo C oDF ok Dd (2) PvClz

lz qD()Clh vo pF pGVO :P kp PCo uDG FC qC lv qC pk p @F qC r@@  
CoP@Co @D@d - (3) kz pz pk Cov DWC qC l Mpd A ,lChCo dpC dpC C wF 
.PvC OwCk fe

lzPCo()pDF DC qC z pqC Dܷ C a pk MDCo qC kClN ok Dܷ C F H@p@ :@@  
.PvC

HNpN D()Clh vo p okAp MDA HNpN C ok lep lDp d o߮@F MD@Co @C  
rV ,lClz kCk oCp l Dov ok l DA Dov ok DA WO ok ,kF r@ 
DOd lzDF rZ Z pF lz qD l ok pk F ok NDA F(Dp)@ Co@vA 
.Pw ov qC F

.lzDF FDe kDOVC qC zD F MDA C ok D OhC PvC C HϮ C q

ok PvC l Dov ok MDAqC oDwF r oCk r EDGvC ok oDzF MDCo :@C f@@@N  
phCC ok lk D S Co NDA r .PvC kp p l ok PvC Dov ok NDA qC oDwF r 

............................................  
.7 ,1 U ,oSC olC ,DNC(2 1) 
.7 ,1 U ,oSC olC ,DNC(3) 

187 : e

Op Moߤ()pGDJ oOvk F kF N Ap MDA HNpN C F lD Dw @i@v l@@ @vop@F  
D .PvC lz qD MpW CC ok koCk oCp Dov ok F A Dd lz qD()Clh vo p@P@vC 
C Dv ok pF ov lD ,PvC lz qD pk kDq Dov EDVA pص phCC DN MpW CC qC Ck 
.lCk()Clh vo pFqD MDA ov phA Co DA MDCo PwA ok lZ MDA A Dd ,lz qD@Mp@W@ 
Cok kF kp DF D pF Co DFo MDA q Dd ok Po Dk qC()Clh vo :P lz p@@ qC @O@d 
.PvC EDV A pF qD AphA lA MDCo ok (1) "...C C ߷VpN D CNC "A PvC ov

kDOVC F ,l PDo DA r HNpN lCOp oCp GvD p Dov ok MDA C kz Ϸ x@J  
.lCOp oCp C A ok EDeC

qC lF lz koC ϵ qC OCo :PvCO kp p@W@d @FC qC (2) DNC HdD PvC OCo Dܷ C l  
ة (3) koA kCk FC FC Co PCo C.PvC kp oA V r HNpN F CoAp()Clh vo Pznok 
.PvC z fe w MDCo qC A

Ap MDA HNpN C pF loCk oCpCkDq l .kp Pk A pF EDF C MDCo pD@ @ @a@A k@F @C  
OD HNpN()Clh vo oOvk F DS Ap F PvC p D Pvk ok kV Ap MDA ,PvC @@@@N 
V :lCO kDN Co lz pm NDCo pD l C.kF pGV oDzC F ED@@V A o@O@vk@ 
ok Co A ,lCk PDo Dov MDA ok lCOzCk kDF Co GNpN D F ,kG GNpN V lkp@ @FD@e@ 
.lCkp PGR e

,kp DF Co A MDCo ,kDOC DNC pF FCDq ok C V P lCk Eh pOe lCh A Dd  
.l ko Co DN C Dep

Da ,PvC DVC DS MDAkF HNp C F pnC ߾ HϮ pF lCkp lOvC F D@w@F @Z  
C ok" :PvC O koA Z pFq F p@@V (5) FC qC .kp CoA ߵk oq qC (4) DNC EDO ok v 
OhC ko

............................................  
.281 A ,pF ov(1) 
.71 ,1 U ,DNC(3 2) 
.60 ,1 U ,DNC(5 4) 

188 : e

ok h kV DF ,PvC on DVC lOvC C jvDJ ok D ."Pw DDw@ D@@ ok  
.Pw kDOC FD V b F PzCk A h pFPk Ozn MDCo kV DF peN ФC

lk DC qC oDwF MD ok DܷC ,lCkp oDGhC pNCN lOvC on ߵk pF pk @@@F D@w@F @Z  
,PvCGW DkC C .PvC pNCN ld F"PvC()Clh vo qC DSAp MDA HNpN"C ok oDGhC ,kz@ 
qC()Clh vo :P kp PCo xCqC p lZ F ,p oDiF PCo qC lF DNC ok v C DF 
F mD ,CkolC FC :qC lkF MoDG p oDZ A ,lkF kp V p oDZ rV Co Ap q D@d ok P@o D@@k 
. (1) lq FC ,PFDR F lq ,GV

oDO C F le qC ODV :PvC O kp oqD qC .lA H F FC ,CkolC FC DV @F (2) OCo ok  
A pD oCl G D C Z ,koCl DA Cp pF Ok PCo C ADd ,lCkp kh kDeC pF wN xC 
C PvC Ϸ DWqC ,pF Co ypD pF DDR , ypD h pF d pV ,lzDFkߥ@ 
C ,kp DGOzC xC z wN DSDR.(lzDF kp DGOzC xC PvC ) ,kF o߮ p@C 
doDwF p DW Co Ap DN Pw C yCq lzDF kp d Co ApDN ,oDwF p kp kp@ 
Co Ap pC F ,lzDF kpDzd DDw Co Ap DN Pw C pNCN pz ,lzDF kp@@ 
. (3) PvC D pNCN eN ok lzDF kF qNe F lZ p.lzDF OzCk d kCpC

,PvC DC pD A uDvC ) DSeFok PvC iv"kG kߥ xC pD" kp DkC C D@C  
OpnJ rp(lzDF F ok O ED HD qC D O kh qC Cp kz pܾp pD qC O D@@@N 
.l pܾp w pD qC Cpk MD pDh F Dz lpnJ Co Dܷ C TeF C ,Pw

PvC q ,kz d ypD h pF xC kz DF pC ,C pF Ե

............................................  
.70 ,1 U ,DNC(3 2 1) 

189 : e

,lkF kp V Co NDA DovpOF Ap ٲ()Clh vo l ok on p oDZ C pF kz d  
lkF kp V DS Ap HNpN G pF Co Ap FDepk on p oDZ pF l d C 
V lO PvC xC TldqC p oDZ A qC PFDR F lq Z ,lkF kp G phA F DN Co MDA@ @ 
.kG Ap MDA DN Dd C pF l fpN ykh ,PvCkF k V ok C V ok Ap oA

pv F le qC fe lv F - dDCEDO ok - OzC FC qC DNC PvC ,PFDR F lq p@@@  
V Co Ap Dd ok lz O pص a ,kp V Co Ap PoDk qC pF FC :P@ @ l@@@ @@ 
. (1) kFkp

F D"?lzDF kF o߮ pC C PvC Ϸ DW qC pF Co ypD p F DDR " :P C D@C  
:l p ,kkp pF ykh 
h pF lCz A Dd N lzDF o߮A DW qC ,O xC lzDF o߮A Pw Ϸ pC @C p@C 
.?lk MkDz MCO

D"PvC D pNCN eN ok lzDF qNe F lZ p lzDF OzCk d Co pC F" :P @@C  
C DC ,lz pNCN F Ap W l PFDR pNCN F Co Dܷ CDN Z C CpF ,kp eC 
"EDO ok kp ߻F qC DNC ok?DW qC lzDF lzPFDR pNCN F GNpN d DF Ap@ MD@A@ @ 
F PvC Ap DC ,lkp V()Clh vo EDeC PvC Ap lV k F DaA :PvC O"wC cpz 
qC DF lw pC llvpN Z ,lzDF kp A qC D DCA pF rZ C lF ,lz qD()Cl@h @vo 
pNV Co rZ C lF ,lOz lkF lz()Clh vo qC o߮D Cn ,kpF F qCDDd Oo D@k 
.l Pvok NDA CpF GNpN()Clhvo oOvk lF kh J qC D loCnF pNHõ D

FDeC pF Co qD MDA kF C vo()Clh vo

............................................  
.70 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 

190 : e

EDeC F PvD Pvk ok qpC GNpN F lz qD Z p (lz d DN kp oCpN olA ) ,kp @@N  
lF Co A C :O kF MDA koA ok ԵC ,pGVoOvk F N HNpN C ,kp ϷN 
.lwF ov ԾqC A Ծ qC

HNpN F ߿e c ok Ap Cpq ,A HNpN ok ,kF Ap oA V ok FDe v lzPFD@R x@J  
D ok Co A p A A DWA qC ,kDOvp Dk DvA F oDF Co ADN ClhPw rZ ,kF lz @O@z@ 
. (1) PvC MN HNpN qC p r HNpN xJ.kp qDPVDd

............................................  
.61 ,1 U ,DNC(1) 

()Clh vo C ,kF d F kh ok A p Dov HNpN :PvC O kp oD@d @FC qC  
vo yoDv F HNpN C lz pNCO qC ,lk DV Ծok Co @ @A k@p@@ @ k@F 
. (2) lkp G ,lz G dD ok C o߮A Co NDA ,k oA V Co A þ EDeC ,kF()Clh

DC :oCk NCkCpC D C ok D .PvCkp r pWd FC G ,F lD Cpk qC Co Dܷ@ @C @F H@p@  
MDCoqC k b lCkp PDi ,HNpN A ok ,lCOp()Clh voqC GNpN F Co dD EDeC C 
D A pF lDz F MDA qC aA EDeC PvC C PvC w MDCo Pk qC aA.Pw G pF @O@zn@ 
kp Ozn ok uDG FC PCo ok ,F.koCl MDA HNpN P F CoDzCb Dܷ C ,lOz lz 
EDO qC F F on PCo ok PvCC koCk G ,koCk Dܷ C F CoDzC kp GϮ DS qC 
DF oD PCo C C pF Ե.lzDF kp FDe F PwAp C ,l@@ @@@Z k@p@@ @d 
.PwA p C wF r F Fp MDCo ,C V F FpMDCo

Dzo߲ D ,"kp N FDeC pF HNpN DFCo MDA kF C vo()Clh vo"lO C DC  
F DS Tld F oDzC

............................................  
.62 ,1 U ,DNC(2) 

191 : e

.Pzn A "DwdC lDF pD C C"A ߥh ok ,PvC DC FC

e F koCk Fo Z C ,A ߥh ok A ,PvC ldC pGhTld C lz Ϸ P@zn@ @a@A qC  
.MDA DN

PvC COw PCo F oDzC Dzo߲"...kF lz Oz ߿e c ok HNpN F Ap"lO C D@C  
pF A A DWA qC ,lz qD Dk DvA F ߿e c qC DDN Ap C pFG lz koC Dh D@ p@ qC @ 
F Dk DvA ok ߿e cok Ap MDA HNpN koCl Co C MDCo .lkp@ qD@()Cl@h @vo 
߿e c ok Ap lz Oz Dܷ ok oDO C Dz C kqF C pF Ե.PvD Pvk ok kF GNp@N 
.lAlCh ol ov ok ,Dhk phq ov k C A lD A HvD A m ok ,DkDvA F r

lz C D lCh"...kF()Clhvo yoDv F HNpN C lz pNCO qC "lO @C D@C  
MDCo CDF lzDF lCN Z ,Pw F ok DA F PGw pNCN Z ,PvCk F DkC Z 
CpOC w jvDJ ok ,kF Oz kh eok Co"mߵC "ov k k߷w FC :l oCk oD@z@F 
p kF lz qD lr qC wd wdPDe o߲ F F ,Pw Ap r@Vo@v k @C :P@@ k@F kp@ 
vpJ Dd ,lzDF OpFyCp qC l C qC kp DJ A qC Co ov k C lk@ @@e@@D@V 
.?lD i C VqC lF A ypص DN ok k߷w FC pF pNCN C Z

:O Х
l Pk d MDA qC CoDJ lz OC gw pF lz koC D p qC DwC MDCo ko

o߮F G ,PvC(kpF kD qC)DwC MDCo oDF ok O A ,lA J pk TeF @G@ T@e@F @F @VCo  
D Dܷ F peN MDCo lz koC Ap DwC jw oDF ok Dp qC MDCo C.lz oDzC A F D@@VC 
.lCk A pF d Co AppN

uDG FC qC pDw FC l FC - CEDO ok - Dd NDd FC FC qC oSC olC PvC OCo DA qC @@ 
DWA qC :P lCkp

192 : e

piF MD Dw C A jw D"A ,kpyCp qo ok lz d()Clh vo pF Hz ok a@A qC @@@F  
. (2) lkp qD (1) "DS C D

ODV P kp PCo DC FC qC lC EDO ok - F - jvDC EDO ok - kCk FC qC oSC olC r@  
kF kp d Co Cov DN PvDhpF Hz kp lkCk pGh EDV A F()Clh vo EDeC qC oD@@C qC 
EDeC qC V CpF lDJ C.lD ykDFrZ ,A dpC dpC C wF qC p ,l lCh F p@z 
p pǾ F ODv r DC.lkp Cv Mpd A qC Co oFr ov lz EDVA kr fG@ ,kCk go r@@ ED@@V A 
ok pC ,Po F qC kF DV pok iw ,lz jw ov A Hk :kp DA lF lD ykDF r@@Z P@o 
. (3) lz kF DnD ok pC lz yCp kF v

.PvC lzPCo ܷC Hp Oi MCoDG DF p lZ F C :

- dDC EDO ok - ypwJ jvDC EDO ok - kCk FC oߥ F lv ,CqpC lG qC ED@O@ D@@ ok qD@F  
D"A O kp PCo D FC F lv qC - OwCk fe CoTld - Dd ,NDd FC FC ,ppV FC ,Dw 
"Dw C"Co A HwF lv kp CpOC iz ,kp PCp"DDw C A jw D"Co"Dw CA j@w@@ 
DN Clh Clܡ p ,l qD C Dkk Hw pF Ap :P lv?lCh Z CpZ N ,lCh@ 
kDF - PwCmC Fo pmC " :lDp r " yCp DN Ch PCpF krF - wN Ծpv" :lDp@ 
. (4) "kp yCp D p Co MoDkopJ oA

"C d ok pk ,OzCkpF Dz pGػJqC Co Dw lClh kF C A k C F kDOvC qC lv k@@@ :@@  
jw D"Dܷ h .PvC phDN pN Dܷ F"w"kD qC ,lCh"DDw" PV lF ,koCl Dܷ"Dw 
Z C , jw Co NN C ,qClF oD qC Co A PvC C"A

............................................  
.106 A ,pF ov(1) 
.104 ,1 U ,oSC olC(2) 
.105 ,1 U ,oSC olC(3) 
.104 ,1 U ,oSC olC(4) 
DGDG wd le lv Ե 
150 e 12 lV CrC pwN VpN 
63 e