z pvDN < pwN < p Ap 

z pvDN

pءZ () ϵ DC CpJ Cܵ F ,kh joDN qDA qC Dz  
qC xJ DA Cpq .lOzCk d pwN GN Ap p DN ok 
lk VCp OF C F () vo Mpd P pF DF () pGDJ 
lkF D Ct DDV Ap CpF () pGDJ PF C DWA qC 
pw Owi () pGDJ qC xJ w D ok () ϵ DC  
Ap pwN F ϵ p XpN G Pv DC DF ,kF G ϵ EDF 
.lkoA o

CoCr lClz ľ qpC F DN () ϵ Mpd Dq qC z Cpw  
oCorF Ե .lD lN vC D F Co Ap pwN ok Dl lV 
p pW 1362 Dv DN onC x EDO ok Cp orF DA jz 
A qC iF D Ap pwN F Ap pwN ok 354 kClN qC 
qC rC r phC p qC F ok z lF .kpF D lCOhCkpJ 
.PvC lz krC olCp W C F pwN ok Dk

z pvDN

pwN -1  
.k 919 ( . 307 O ) zD F CpFC F ϵ : 
DC pV FC D DC qC oRD CkDV pRC pwN :p 
ϵ p qC () kD pV DC qC koDWC FC p qC () pDF le 
.PvC zD F CpFC F 
DN ok PvC DC pvDN pNC pNl qC pwN C 
yo ,A yo .kz oCkpF pF kDOvC A qC z pvDN 
.PvC lz N oCorF DC k A pwN TkDdC oAV DF PvC 
.PvC yli 취 pwN C MDCo qC hpF 
C CpFC F ϵ pwN :p Cܵ 
p RC z : Hn 
Fp :DFq 
lV 2 :lV kClN 
DGN pwN -2 
ApC ϷC DWC DGOC pwN :pC Cܵ 
v߬ jz F p ,v߮C ϵ F weC F le pV FC : 
- p pW 460 :MD ,k 965 - p pW 385 Dv :Mk 
k 1067 
Fp :DFq 
lV 10 :MClW kClN 
Dz PvC z DV pwN Owi DGN pwN :pwN p 
pNDV pNC qC pwN C .PvC Ap ϵ TdDG DN 
F z pvDN qC oDwF ϤC nhD G ,lA oDz F pvDN 
Fp ϵ ܾ DN lp pFok DV ,DGN pwN .ko oDz 
DF ,oCn ECpC ,PCp ,pwN C ok .lzDF yoD p DN Ap F 
DGN pwN .PvC lz kCk le MDGz F jvDJ FDO e 
DC z lDõ OhDv cp CpF koCk FkC GV pOF  
.PvC lz OzD DDi CoD DPGw kpz kkp

DGC W -3

ApC pwN DGC W :p Cܵ  
vpGC weC F ЩC ϵ FC : 
k 1154 - . 548 :MD ,k 1076 - . 468 :Mk 
p RC z : Hn 
Fp :pwN DFq 
. 536 :DN joDN 
lW 5 ok rV 100 :lV kClN 
,PDV ok ,Pv C z CoA DNC F DGC W :pwN p 
yo ok DA N HNpN kF p F ,HD DeOvC ,DNC 
.koCk Ct DDV Dh Pr ,pz MDA D GN pwN 
ok DGC W :l pqC DˡCk GvC xo MOz le jz 
.(2 U/z Cpw MDG) .PvDOF Ap pwN DFDO F 
pm ,Mǡ DF ,MD ,ECpC ,PCp Z SdDG Dz DGC W 
GN cpz koC MDCo ,MDA r Dz ,DF D koC 
v߬ jz DGOC pwN qC pRDO kDq ld DN pwN C .PvC MDDd 
(750 ,1 U/Ap DܡCk) .PvC

CrC -4

ApC pwN CrC :p Cܵ  
DGDG wd le Ե : 
.k 1981 .. 1402 :MD ,k 1903 - . 1321 :Mk 
p RC z : Hn 
.(PvC lz VpN r voD DFq F) Fp :pwN DFq 
.. 1375 :DN joDN 
lV 20 :DlV kClN 
d F ,DGDG Ե ϵ oDRA pOorF qC CrC :pwN p 
w F ok phC p pvDN pN qC p kh ok 
pOorF vpG DGC W v߬ jz DGN pwN qC xJ PvC 
.PvC pwN yo PFϮ ϵ M p qC z pwN pNDV 
.PvC Ap F Ap pwN yo poDF pwN C t 
,kCqA ,Pd Z qo Dw F OhCkpJ CrC pءZ kDFC qC 
Dߥh vC p DF qC xJ TeF p ok PvC ... DOVC PCl 
GV .kqCkpJ DDi MDzC MDGz jvDJ vopF F z 
.PvC wϾ ,ϵ DTeF F PDܵ pwN C pk

SC o -5

SC o pwN :p Cܵ  
rd vpC V F ϵ lG jz : 
.k 1700 - . 1112 :MD 
.p RC z : Hn 
Fp :pwN DFq 
.lV 5 :lV kClN 
lp pF ok Co PvC pwN SC o pwN :pwN p 
PF C pC pGDJ qC NDCo A oDFok PvC Ap MDA qC iF 
Fp oDGhC oAkp þ ,pw l .PvC lz koC MoD Pإ 
l fpN O C F Cpq ,kp aA lDN PvC MDA F 
pwN MDCo ok pOF eN Pp koA Cp oAkp qC l  
pm r PvC kF Di z DVC DF Co NDCo Od o C qC PvC 
.PvC kp 
ok Co oD De ,pwN oDGhC Mǡ DF rd DzA k F 
v wd DF pNk ,pwN TkDdC DloAkp pk DF wD 
.lCkp FDqoC pOF

pwN -6

pwN :p Cܵ  
ClءCk qC V qCpz oD pD C PA : 
k 1926 - . 1347 :Mk 
p RC z : Hn 
(PvC lz VpN r koC Fp ,wC DDFq F) voD :pwN DFq 
lV 27 :DlV kClN 
PvD p voD pvDN pNClO qC pwN :pwN p 
ko lA ok yoD F ص CpF kDOvC FD D kDv DFq F 
Ap MDA Dz pwN C .PvC Op oCp Oi oDC DGOvC 
HvD Cpq .PvC kF DOVC p A t pN kF p 
TdDG qC kp GN qo DFq DF Co Ap DJ p DvpJ DqD DF 
F Cp ok pwN C pk V .PvC k rpJ FkC v ܾ 
z .l H÷N Co A D PvC OFpN OCl DGV 
MD DF qC xJ ,qDA ok PvC Z pwN C ok HD CoC 
MDߨ Dv Gv ,ov pF Dd D F ,ov p ok D 
DF OhCkpJ A ة F DA ,kz oDzC ov ok lz cp 
.kz fpN DwC PCl lq Dw eN zo