A ϵ C Ϥ pGDJ DF kp PGe DGNoC ECkA 

dpC dpC C wF  
C l F ClN CA nC DC D  
pW DF CpWN GC Mߤ ߾ NCߤC C߷pN CA nC DC D(1) ϵ v C C C CNC @vo 
C eOC nC C C vo lܵ NCߤC ߩ nC C(2) pN OC DصC GeN C G ǩ@F 
CpG C (4) ÷ pSC MCpWeC Co kD nC C(3) 첵 pVC p O @@F@@ 
(5) do o߿ C Cph D @C Up@i@N @O@d 

MDA VpN

Clh qC lp JC vo Clh qC kp d ok lCkoA DC Dw C PvC do Ddo C D@ @F  
.(1)PvC DCk Cz Clh l CpJ

A l iv lFMߤ F C DF loDpF C vo Cl qC pNlF Co kh Cl lCkoA DC @D@w@ C  
.(2)kߡ WO F OwCl DODصC DN l iv pl DF DZ

,kqDF N CpF CoDDk Clh lDw loApF OwA Clh vo pFCpF ok Co kh Mߤ DA Ovok F  
.(3)loCk 첵 pVC Mp DC

.(4)loCl ÷N DzpOF lq DF DpWd oCk PJ qC Co N DA Ovok F

.(5)PvCdo oDqpA Clh PvC pOF DCpF A ok Dv F Dh qC N DN l pG DC pC

PwA pF O MCpWd oDG ov GD DwMDA DF

lq MkDv A DF DdC ,PvC k DdC qC Dw pF O ov C

455 : e

Clh d pF Co d b PvC C A kD C DF "vo C l F ClN " :V Dܷ@ f@@@N  
DwA qC F.kkp pOw C OW ok H fD D ,kz N DwC kp loCl l @vo 
vo ko ok lDF Clh DlF PvC FCkA CoDJ ,kzPDo DeGv Clh lF F lDF PvC @@V EkC 
kohpF ok kp PvC Dw F Fp DdC ,A pk F.lA ov C AXJ ok ,l P@D@o()Cl@h 
F pF kCpC F PvCDpNpF F Fp pk Ow.l PDo Co A lDF kh lq OW ok plD@F 
v F Co DwC ,kz ٲO A DF DwC l DV PvC oC C qC kCpC pNpF ШDN ,l@oCk p@@k 
l ,koCn p ЬDF d k F A DF ,l PCl CoC DJ@@ MkD@@v D@F C@N @l@q 
,k Oh vC DCPd F oDzC DF Co ov ,phA ok .PvC DOVC v qC Cl ,PvC d kCl@ 
.PvC kp DC C F Co DC o koCn P PpF pF

"...SC pm Dh DCuDC DC D"A DSOvC F ,lz qD l ok NDA D MkD@z @F o@v @C  
.lA lChkq F ,loCk pd A kF l oDF ok F

DطOvC rZ p oDF ok"l F""ϵv C C C CNC vo C l F ClN CC nC DC D@"  
C C .CoDOvC D PvC qDW DPw rZ ,DzPvC DطOvCC ,PvC rZ A V Dܷ F ,kz 
F pOPwrZ V ,A qC o߲ PvC C pF k kh ,Clh vo F kCk PGw Clh F@ Co @@@ 
DV ok Da C vo F - mCDF - DeGv Clh F PvC Oi ,PvC Cpd D A @vo Cl@h 
:kp r , (1) " C eC C" :kp pk 
. (2) "C mDF D C vo DvoC D "

"V DF ,qDA"CC nC DC D"VDF Co pz A lzDF C ,PvC d"l F"qC kCp C pF lDz r@  
F DGNoC PvC D A"l F"qC kCp lApF A pDqC ,kp Oh"ϵ v C C @C C@@NC 
D D A .CpJ k A qC ,loCk DC vo Clh F koCk DGNoC DwF ,koCk O

............................................  
.40 A ,v ov.PvClh A qC DN d(1) 
.64 A ,Dw ov.kzPDC D mC F C CpF p kDOvp vo b D(2) 

456 : e

.lp D A qC Co kh ص kDOC DdC PvC d D

Dd ,loCl l vo Clh d pFCo d b PvC C "ClN "qC kCp lkp zo HpN C D@F  
Op qC G D ,l iv rZ d oDF ok vo Clh oOvk Op qC G@ @ P@vC @C kCp@ D@ 
S"PvDCk Cz Clh - ϵ v C C" :lDp DGk F C qC .llDWC Co ص Clh o@O@vk 
kCp pC p ,з kz Dz ,k A qC ٵC з lN ,PvC lN kCp lApF @@C 
Co Dz ص ,kz Co Dz iv "PvC DF CzClh - pF v C C" :kp ,kF k p з  
طNDF C " :lDp S ,koA Co"pF" PvC oD ok з DJ koC qC oDwFok Da ,l@@F@ 
d Dz ,loCk d C vo Clh DV ok ,lCkoA DC Dw C :lz C A Dܷ ФDd xJ. (1) "pF 
F y pJ ,lzDF Dz ok h C oC lDF - Cvo Clh d F p l d ܷ - l@ 
.lzDFvo Clh Dp

.lzDF lCN d lF ,koCk kA Ϸ pN з p DWA qC

CN WO ok ,Pw dqC Dh r kCoC A koCk Ϸ pN D з F PGw CkCoC إN p a@  
d pJ lDF إN kCoC ok F ,lzDF ClhDp F y lDF Ϸ pN з ok DN @ P@@ 
F Clܡ vo Clh qC ClC iv F C qC l Co D pz A ok .lzD@F Cl@h 
kCoC A d kCoC ص F PGw ,Clܡ vo Clh qC Co d ClC Ϸ pND Ϸ 
DF Gw p kDG F"A DF ܷCHp p pz A WO ok.Clܡ @vo Cl@h qC Co 
ص C pC F oC ,lp PGv Clh qC :lDp D@CoD@F ok @ k@z@ (2) "ط pDF 
.l

,ClhP ok lzhCk D ,l Mߵk ClF"vo C l F ClN "V ok DG@NC @C  
,l ClhP FDN Co khP pN dpok lG o߬ F ,PvC pw A ok p@v ,P@k@G@ @@ ok 
FDN O N dp ok o߮D

............................................  
.4 A ,lld ov.PvC pF l aA F Clh(1) 
.27 A ,DGC ov(2) 

457 : e

D " :kp oDF A ok DN Clh PvC ClhPlCO ߾ V Dܷ ok pw pk Oi@ @V  
. (3) "OC C " :kp r , (2) "C C " :kpr , (1) "C D C C DN

:kon Dz p qC DA qC F lCkp pm pk V pw ,TeF ko A pwN ok D p kF C  
OhClC V Dܷ F lO pkDDV ok"lN" pC ܷ ,PvC"lN"Dܷ@ @F @A @C ok"@l@@N" - 1 
pC qC G ,lO V vo Clh qC : PwC A Dܷ ,PvC kDOC V lN Dܷ F DWC ok ,PwrZ 
.ll ϥ Co oD b vo Clh oOvk qC G ,l pC vo Clh

NDϷO qC pܾp DFDWC ok ,PvC p Dܷ D F A ok"lN" l@zD@F @O@@ D@w@F @Z  
Z lq Co w Z C F koCl oD ,PvC lO D@@ @ , (4) "P e"A lD ,lz DطOvC 
Z .pk rZ qC rZ Op oCp V ܷ ,kz lN DܷD Dܷ WO ok ,lCp Co @w@ 
ok lN ,Oo Co ok lN Od ,ص ok lN ,O iv ok lN :kp Co lN CC DNP@vC @Ϯ@ @A 
. (5) pk DlN ,pqC G ok lCh p qD S ,koCk P DNkDG ok lN ,Ow

ok()Clh vo O ܷ ,Clhvo qC G O iv qC l Co PvC C pz @A qC kCp@ - 2  
V O jvDJ ok Dz ,lF jvDJ EDV A A qC G ,l Cv EDVA qC iz PvC p@D@d x@@W@ 
. (6) lO

DWC ص b ,l ivb ,lCkCl Dz F oOvk vo Clh CkD : PvC C @A D@@@ - 3  
. (7) ll

F ,lqDw C ص pF l Co khص ,l Clh vo iv pF l Co kh iv : PvC C A D@@ - 4  
. (8) kpF Co C qC pNV ll qDVC ldC

vo pF lN qC Co A qC o߲ PvC C PvC phC V v ok DzC

............................................  
.30 A ,DwC ov.lzDF OvCh Clh A qC lF p lCh Dz(1) 
.68 A ,Cpص A ov.PvC D PvpJpv Clh (2) 
.19 A ,RDV ov.PvC DO PvpJpv Clh(3) 
.2 A ,lld ov.lCp l lq(4) 
.130 ,9 U ,DGC W(8 7 6 5) 

458 : e

pF lN qC kp A ok A Dd ,lCOwCk Clhl pNlF pGDJ Cl qC Co kh Cl :kp C qC kCp  
:C S ,koCk pN GV DN pz A ok"C" koA lF lCOvChCpD ,Clh vo pF Clh 
PvC C CpF DN Clh vo D qC GClh D koA xJ"C PCp lq koA Pz F Cp - p lq GWC"  
.Pw Clh pF OwV PGv()Clh vo F OwV PGv C F l oDzC

.kpnKF Co VC qC C qC koClF qDF Co lCh ,O A pwN ok D aA ok Pk lDz

PkG pJ lF Z ,l N F pC Co DlF V C ok - "ϵ v C C C C@NC "  
.lrpKF rZ Z qC kp koA Ϯ Co NCn ,koCl pk p PkG p rV DwC ,PvC

PDC Co pC C ,lvpOF Clh qClDp ,l ϷN Co N F pC lN qC "ϵ v C C"@@V  
qC kz Co Dz Div Clh ,lW lN vo Clh pF pv DFq DF pv DFq DF ,l DS@O@C Co @@ A 
.koCkpGh Dz ݬDF pD DصC

vo Cl qC pNlF Co kh Cl :lDp C qC o߲"...GC Mߤ ߾ NCߤC C߷pN CC nC DC D@"  
o߬F - Z ,lzDG EDV A Cl qC pNlF DOCl ,l PGe EDV A DF O PvC C ,l @@C 
A F N PvC C llF Co kh Cl iz o߲ D :Pw ص C ok H@@ k - (1) lCO  
,l Co EDV A D PDo PvC EkC F iz DN koCl o߲ D .PvC p C ,lzDF kp EDV 
.l 첷N CpOdC Co EDV A loCk oOvk DDw Z ,PvC oOvk h C

kDp kCk l PGe plDF o߬ A EDV A DF"G ǩF pW DF CpW@N " :l@D@p@@  
A Cl qC pNDN Cl l HDiN D ok koCkDOC EDV A 첷N CpOdC P@D@o @Z ,l@@@@ 
PGe lF Cl F DorF DF ,PvC 첷N Dܷ lD kp PGe lF Cl DF , o߬ F xJ.lzDF Mp@d 
.kp

.Pw PdD EkC DvC qC Dh ,kD kp p

............................................  
.130 ,9 U ,DGC W(1) 

459 : e

ص p lF C ok A o oDF ok V "pN OC DصC GeN C" :V F VCo f@@@N  
F :"DصCGeN C Cp C ,GeN "ܷ - "pN OC DصC GeN C"PvC lz O k@z@ @G@d 
pC : PvC C Dܷ ,PvC k p F ϷO V C .kߡ Gd Dz DصC DN l i@v l@@@F Cl@ 
l PGe kh F ok o߬ A ,l PGe lF ClF O C lr kDp EDV A o F O 
.PvC fDDصC ԮF GdTDF ص k C Z ,kߡ ЬDF OwCl v C F DODصC PvC C Cp@F 
.lCon DصC Gd Dw CpJ SeF EDO C k lV ok D

kq kDp ܷ ,lz A qC ص CpF lzDF ϷO"GeN C"V lCkCk D@@O@dC (1) pw qC F  
F p ,lz PvC ص lk DWC Gdo߲ F ص C : lzDF C Dܷ ,kq p@d l@@@F 
з k ok lz ϷN ܵ з C ok PvC C ,ܵ ϷN D ,lzDF ϷN oFr V @@C 
.PvC oAN VN k lCk pOe lCh .Op oCp kolz ϷN

k ,EDV A oߩd ok O ivlF ,Clh vo Cl qC kh Cl kp lF PvC C pz @A p@D@  
.kz GdTDF Pw r pk DD p qC p kzkDOvC xJ ,PvC ص Gd HV D ص

ECR ,p lD ص C C ,PvC ص kh OzCl ECR ,Gd qC kCp : lCkp VN @Z Co @A Cl@  
:l DGC W ok.l ЬDF Co DصC pDv 
vo DF DDw O iv PvC C"DصC GeN C"V ok ص Gd Dܷ :lCO@@ D@ ED@e@C 
DWC o߬ Co O iv pC ,lzDF ECR eOw lzDF EDVA 첷N EkC PD@o D@F p@C()Cl@h 
Dص xJ ,ko DOvk qC ECR A ,lz EDõ eOw kߡ EDV A CpOdCPDo @ l@@k 
.koCl ECn C F Fo b A C xJ ,lz Gd

@@Fp@@ Co A (2) pw qC F ,lz Ϸ ص kh F DGdC TeF ko A ok PvC C D oDO C k  
.PvC pD hC ,kz eOw ص pFCpF ok FCR F lCkp

z b lF p F Fp Gd ok C CpF ,Pw Pvok VN C

............................................  
.135 ,26 U ,DC co(1) 
.130 ,9 U ,DGC W(2) 

460 : e

xJ.PvC Z rA C ok o߬ D ,DصC kh F lz Ϸ Gd r PvC DصC ECR G@d A qC o@@@  
,p O DWA.kp d Co p F FpخGd A Dܷ D F d Co A DWC ok @p@r@D@ 
h lO C .Pw ko k C F p b ,F Co lDF r DWC ,l G@d Co @@ EC@R 
.kz ЬDF A pF HNpO pRC PvC ص ԮF C CpF ,oCl GPvC pD

vo o F kq kDp A Cok pC ,PvC GdTDF p DN : lCkp @V@N @@@Z Co @A p@@k (1) F  
qC F ,kz GdTDF oDOo C kh kG PV C qC OwCk GdTDF Co kp PGe l@@F ()Cl@h 
D p()Clhvo kp PmC ,kz EDV A lzPmC TDF ص C D PvC kFP@@V @C 
.PvC ص Gd

PvC ص qC rpJ A CkD lz kq pd lF Ϯ qC A ok lZ p :lCO (2) F  
FCn ,PvC ص GdTDF p w DNC F EDV A oCqA Z kz()Clh vo oCqA TDF PvC @ 
kF o߲ k F C .lzDGZ lzDF oCqA C Z ,kp Pw A ok pGػJ oCqA D ص qC Ϯ o@ 
.kDw kD kpFF qC pʢJ ,EDV A Ppd qC PDd

,lk oCqA Co()Clh vo PvCNoߤ A lvo p ld F ,kF w k , ko ص C @Z  
kF Ƨp pC ,l i Co ص w k C kG k DWA qC r ,lvop ld F @@ 
A qC DN ,lkp DOdC ,wk p qC DOdC Cܵ F lDF Cn lOzCl A F VN C pOF ok kp@ 
.lzDF kp EDOVC lvo PmC ld F

Cl F pC C ,l oDzCw k C kG i F "pN OC DصC GeN C"@@@V  
"lDpF PzCl DV pk - lvp Z lvpF PmC ld FZ - kF Cpd Ϯ o߬ F EDV A DF O iv l@@F 
lvpF oCqA ld F pC Dd ,kq pd lF ܷ ,kF w F pe N koZ"kz Gd DODصC OwCl@ 
p

............................................  
.136 ,26 U ,DC co(1) 
.130 ,9 U ,DGC W(2) 

461 : e

l o߷z l koCkDܷ Z pk ,kF Cpd kq pd lF o߬ F xJ kF Cpd C ld l@vp@ p@C ,k@F  
.DGC W HdD oDO h kFC - PvC PFDR Ϯ o߮F o߷z C DF ,loDF DWC ok Co iN

ǩF pW DF CpWN GCMߤ ߾ NCߤC C߷pN "A ok on N PvC C C D@zC  
C .PvC w N A ok N lkpN b lF Dd okPvC Op DOdC EDF qC l Co"G@ 
kq pdlF k C iN F ,Pw fe loCl ص k qC p F VN C pOFok kp :O@ 
ص lk iN Co A pz qC G D p õ ,lApF A l qC D p õ Pwr@Z 
.PvC ok ȾC CpOC OzqiN lD A Ozq iN ,PvC Ozq

nC DC D" :kp A C ok CMkDz F ,lkF llz HNp Co ص C vC ol ok Dw  
DD qC h ok C EDF qC ,llz HNp PvC Ozqص ,ص C iN @C D@F @@@@ ."C@@C 
MCkDG ԮF GdTDF ص C lOwCk ,Pw h lkpDh ,lkp@@ @e@D@w@ 
.llz A ԮF F Co rp lOwCk pC ,kz DeD DصC

OC DصC GeN C" :kp lCk Dz ,koCk ph Z ص C kp DVO DN Clh Cn  
,l Gd Co DODصC PvC C A ,koCk 첵 ph D pRC Dz ص C lCk Dz"p@N 
kh kz ЬDF DODصC lߡ HNp Co kq pd w k C qC b l@@zD@F @V@O@ ,oD@@q x@J 
.lOwVO

Dص lOwCk PvC C A ,lOzCk qC G Dd F PvC pD"pN OC "@V x@J  
qC lF DC ,PvC Pز qC ld C F Ozq ,PvC PzqolZ DOzq ص C lOwCk@@ @ ,P@vC P@zq 
.Pw DDصC C ok DGdC ph ll C DF ol

ȾC Dw F @VCo @ P@vC (1) "첵C lܵ D GweN " :pz A Gz p qC pz A xJ  
ص ȾC l Dh Dz :lDp PvC

............................................  
.15 A ,o ov(1) 

462 : e

(1) "GwOe C D C ClF "A p pk p qC .첵 PvC ص Clh kr Dd ok ,PvC Z  
Co DOdC rp kz pD DCpF DrZ ClhdD qC qo A ok :lDp PvC PD F VCo ,PvC 
.lkCk

o"h Dܷ"Mߤ ""...OF C eOC nC C C vo lܵ NCߤC ߩ @n@C C"  
rZ lCiF lpF oD F O Co DeOC ,PvC oDOhC OFC DܷF"DeOC" .lk Co"MߥC 
F lDF prD ,PvC De DN Clh ko ok Dܷ C Z ,l Ϸ kF W DCpF @D@N@ 
D .lCkp Dܷ o߮@C (2) F Da - PvC kCk MkD kCk pN Dܷ F DN Clh ko ok DeOC 
eN Dk pF Co DPá C DN Clh F , Dܷ HF kCk Pá Pe D@@@ @F Co D@e@O@C 
.l MkD NF DG DN l

Co A qC lF()Clhvo o J Cl kp OwA pFCpF ok PvC V l D@@v @A @C D@@v 
A ة CpF PvC ON lDN kh C .kCk pN N CpF Co DDklClh C F l@ @@@N 
.l ص Co A A ok C F l ߡN Co DN G

,d F PvC CoDzC"G"Fkp pGN G A ok "C vo"F kp pGN vC pGDJ qC A C ok C ok  
C lOvp vp DF kߡF EDV A DF oDOo w p PvCvo PV ClF vo iz lDF @O@vC@h 
첷N CpOdC ,C kr O iv OwA xJ ,lCkp CpOdC Co Clh l CpOdC @@@@N Co C p@C ,P@vC l@z 
Co oCpOvC oD Z ,kzkDOvC"ߩ" qC - pv C pF PCl ,PvC DeGv ClhP@zCl@or@F 
N CpF Co DDk Clh ,lz DA h N loCk FkCZ Dw C PvC C qC zD@ - l@D@vo@ 
.kCk pN

GDC " :kp Da ,loCkk ok CN pFCpF ok PvC V l r C - "첵 pVC p@@ @@"  
."O

............................................  
.47 A ,pq ov(1) 
.137 ,26 U ,DC co(2) 

463 : e

C lk pGh CC qC lApF Z A Dv qC"÷ pSC MCpWeC Co kD @n@C C"  
CpOdC EkC PDo d ok ,lkq Cl DpWd oCk PJ qC Co EDV A lCkF oDDV DizC ,l@z 
MDCd F lDp DNõ OzCl CkD F ,l DOn A C ok DN Clh ,lkp@@ 
.l DGN DDJoDZ

,lr Cl Co N l pG CoDDV C pC ܷ"do o߿ C Cph D C UpiN Od CpG C @ "  
D CpOdC 첷N , PvC FkC C CpF ,PvC pOF DA CpF Aok Dh qC D@l@k @F Mk@h D@N 
.do o߿ PvC oDkopJC Z ,l kr C Pdo Clh Mp F Co DA EkC C PDo ,PvCPDvo 

F lzDF pD Pw .kpN ClF pG D F PvC pD D"do o߿ C "@@@V x@J  
v PDV A lz okD oDDV kCpC C qC aA : lzDF CMV W Dܷ .loCl õ DzpSC @@@C 
o߿ Clh ,kF D oߥ qC zD F ,ll HNp õ o qC C CpF ,PpoCp ߿ ko ,D@FkC 
.PvC do