Ap ok ϵ < ... < ߨ pwN < ߨ pwN < p Ap 

õ Dzr DF qoDG kD Į

.PvC õ DdCr DF Ap qoDG ,PvC pNDvo G k qC koCk Pk Ap kr õ PDC pF p@k @@k  
DGOzC oDZk koC oDwF ok DwC pǾ m DF DOl Co GD lDF prD H@Ϯ@ @C f@@@N Cp@F 
Dh HNp r MDvDwdC uCd F Pw õ F pe OGC .PvC XCo Dz D kr ߨ C .kz@ 
HNpN lOvC DwC lOC DNC oDwF õ ko ok .lCkp pm Dh Dk pDF CpF S lz@ 
Cv C DWC .PvC kF PvokD DJ qC lOvC lFDok DDdC lF DC l pWO A uDvC pF lk 
Dv DF , AD kp 쮷N Co lC ,koC CoDJ ok m PvokD kpص vCF lDF DA kz cp 
lO DDwv ,vpJ C jvDJ ok ?k pV DA qC kp ClJ Co m DDh lDF pk EDG@vC 
C F ǡClCk DFCV q C ok vԾ .PvC ߻ oD kp lOvC DvDvC Pw rDV õ p@F kD@@O@C 
F d xa l DGOzC õ lD uCd pDv PvC C DA V qC @ l@CkCk @w@@v 
o DN llz إ pǿO oDZD kG õ koCn oD DWA qC .lk DA qC kp kDOvC @@@@N 
kD ;PvC lz ǡN Pw k qC lOvC p llz O C VO ߨ C vopF ok .l l@v Co D@h 
z (kD) Oo oDF A OhDv ok ... A Dv b p eD DOhDv p@@@ P@vok ,Mo@ 
fD PvC q ,kߡF OhDv D EhPV p qC ,DOhDv A CpF .(Moߤ) PvC Op kiF r D@h 
A Pe ةN CpF lOvC ok .lzDF F fe yC A kz Op p ok A CpF GvD@@ 
D ߮voC Į ,lOvC Moߤ oDFok MD vopF CpF .Noߤ lzDF P@vok yCkD@ @ P@vC q 
F l i Co lOvC Moߤ kF PvokD DPvok kF C oߤ Į .lA kVF oߤ Į@ 
(1) .kߡ lOvC Moߤ ok Dh oDZk DN lD m

Co PV DN Į C .Pw D Moߤ Į DN lOvC Pe ةN CpF PvC C lص w@ D@C  
oCk qD oD F ܷ .oCk q r kD Į ,lOvC kD Ovok qC DجC ߥd CpF .l DN 
.WwF Co pǾ kC P COF A F

r DA ,kp î lOvC Moߤ CpF ߮voC o߮D DN lkp yN MoDk F p Cl@@Ck  
p lk PvlF DoD lOwCN kld DN r q C ok .l xvDN FD Į lOvC kD@ Cp@F 
ok Dh qC Co C l DwC F PwCN kld DN DC ,kG ߮voC Į p@ ,k@F @@ p@@ qC @Z 
p Co Dw lNC oDFok Dh qC pV PV ok Ap lClF pC l HWN lDz DC .koCk qDF l@O@vC 
.koCk lN Щ Щ lN MoDk DSC DtJ pF PvC kp

Ap p qC Dh DD

Co kh pF p@C (2) .kpF DWF Co D DwC PvC C ,l pm Dh CpF Ap DD VqC  
@w@ @C o Ap@ (3) .kDOC lCi DiF ,kpnK ߵ F Co D lzDF FDN Dw ok l l 
ok D PvC D qC pJ pF pǾ Dzr pOorF koCk fpN DW ok Od PvC k lDN oDw@F 
:lDp pGDJ F EDh pk DV

(336 A DC ov) .ߤpiC C ݲC C ߷GO C C Gv ݵ ϩ oC pSC N C

Z l Cp r CpN , pJ DA qC CiF pC N .l pJ D qC lCZ q kp pSC  
.l Dh k F lD FDN kp

:lDp pk A ok D

(36 A pvC ov) ϵ F x D N

PvC kCk pF F Ap oDF C pF lC joDN ߬ ok PvC pnN C . pJ oCl ϵ ClF Co a@A  
.PvC kp Dh C qC Co C

kp qC oDwF .MDvC lN w kz cp DOVC Dw ok hDF lOvC kD ok Dh D k  
D PvC Op oCp G ko DOVC ok rZ ܷ .kz DzoDF ,DOVC oDF ko DrZ lC@@C 
p lDp@ Ap@ (4) .lpnJ lCkp G Co A Ozn Dw C lF Dp lCOpnJ CpA Ozn Dw 
.l kp F CpA A D ,lClF lv CpA lkCk DWC Dz DD Z p C lWwF õ oD DF Co C@w@ 
Pvok Dw DwF lCOpnJ Co A kp DC kF Ϻ D ok lz cp Ozn ok Pw Dw Dw@F 
õ qC lDF Dw C ypnJ ok .lCkp oCkh A G qC CkD lF kp DC lz p ok DD@q ok @ 
oCp pǾ õ FD ok Co kClVC DFA qC pJ HϺC Ap .PhCkpJ lOF Coo C P@p@ kl@ @@l@C 
:lk

pF ov) .lO Dz ÷ DF D C DC ϵ DC D GO F CD C rC D C߷GNC @ @@ CmC  
(170 A

ColJ pC DA ?oCkpF Pvk DColJ Dzo qC DA l .l pJ C MCoOvk qC kz O D@@C @F  
.llF Co DA o߷zF pV lDF Dz ,lOzCl o߷z Dz CokD

oC ok ,A Ovok HV PvC A kF Ϻ k lC Pl l l@D@N Ap@  
C C] S Od .lz kvp lzDF Ozn DA pF Dq olp Ow Dd DC lFD@ Co kD@ 
õ cv DF lDF l Ap .PvC kD oCOvC DVpFDJ ,PvDk Dk DN [wDF D Cp Od F D p@  
lDG kp Do lq DwC F HwZpF C Cpk A lF Co Pvok Clõ lDG .lz pFo Dw DF lC 
eN F kh lDF Cq p ok .PpnJ p orF Piz A D C F OzCk ϷN p @F Co Cl@@@ 
x C qC pJ ,l kD A qC Ap ,Dh kDWC ok p@k p@R@ @D@ (5) .PhCkpJ Dw ko ok vopF 
: F .PvC p p OzCk Dw MDN

lz lzJ p lA p Z  
lz lk wF k qC EDWd l

lCN e ok õ ܷ l pǾ fe lCN l pF CpC pz qC Co kh DwC DN C@w@ p@ ok  
.PvC Fh DS lDz l d Ե qC p DOvCk .lzDG oD ok x C lF ص Pvok

DF DZ ok xW O kzTDF kpF DZ ok Cd pC kF lz cp þ w C d @ Cp@F  
r kh CpF kF prD C kDOC d Ե Dh EA DZ ok Cd D C ok DDNC ?kp lDF Z DZ EA DF ,lD@F 
DZ qC l pJ F Co DZ C C ;PzCk kV kp d DC p lF ko C ok .lF @d D@G@@O@vC 
Ե .l kDOvC DzCF EA F qC l Dh Co DZ EA qC oCl C pk lD kD@O@vC p@@k 
C .kF f ok C kh Cpq l d p lF lCN w C ko ok lz VO@ @@d 
.PhCkpJ CO CoC d ol F x vv oD lF PdCo Dh DF lF lpJ Co DZ ClOFC kCk oOvk k@F 
:lDp Ap DOC ko pnF koCk kDq MCoDzC x C qC PGN q ok Ap

(23 A W ov) xC N D ݲCC ߷GO C

.l pJ Co kh x C ЬDF D qC p rZ

DOzJ

C ,PvC lz CpwF Dv D Op Moߤ ϵ DV ok PvC p lZ kld NDDGOzC @V qC -1  
C Z .Pw r lOvC kD Pe l DPe N ,߮voC Į lOzClJ p PvC HϮ 
oCpN oDwF r D Dq ok DGOzC C DvDO .lkCk A kF lDF F d ,kG OhDv ߮@voC Į@@ qC oD@ 
pC .lCl Co A loCl ߮voC Į qC Ovok PhDz Dl lk D pC C OG@C k@z@ 
lOvC Pe N ok ߮voC Į F lDF kDOvC D@O@hD@v D@S@ D@@ qC @@C@i@F 
ok Oo oDF Dv M pVA l CN Dz F .PvC oCk kF PvCo N ok Dz GzPvo 
߮voC Į .PvC oCk kF X DPvCo lk D Dz rZ DN .EߺpD DPvC Eߺp xV qC oC@k 
MD lOvC Moߤ F VCo DN .PvC lz ܺ oDwF OD DN ClءlC pDv vF Dl@F @O@G@C @ 
.lF lCN rZ PvC PDv DNDGRC D lOvC kD ko ok l

voC G C p G Co GϮ b C qC xJ l C .PvC @@ @ MoD@k C l@D@ -2  
Dܷ Con oD CpA kDOvC A qC PzCk kV h DOdC ,DOdC lok pC D@@ @vop@F 
.PvC fe

ݱ D lDF ,k ФDd CN koC ok DOdC ܱ Dw ok PzCk VN lDF OG@C -3  
DWF Co DOdC ݱ A PpnJ lDF DOdC DWF Co DOdC ݱ DWF Co ݱ DC .Pp p ok Co D@@O@dC  
.l Dh kDWC PvC k C .Pp p ok

yo߲ ,lD p PF Co yp ko DPF qC DWA .Pw F DivqC @@ ok H@Ϯ@ @C -4  
.PvC Coo DlN

qC lN w DF lDG l A qC MlF Ap DOVC o D Dq l D DorF D DD qC lN w -5  
Ck qC kDOvC iN PDo pF OG PvC HVC pC kz cp þ ok @ l@C @@C l@@O@W@ 
.kz h DGOzC PvC iN

p Np kDOvC

52 e 1 lV Ap DF DzA